[1]孟庆龙,官燕玲,谷雅秀,等.土壤源热泵热响应测试研究进展及分析[J].西安建筑科技大学学报:自然科学版,2015,(01):125-135.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2015.01.024]
 MENG Qinglong,GUAN Yanling,GU Yaxiu,et al.Advances in thermal response test of ground-coupled heat pump[J].J.Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.:Natural Science Edition,2015,(01):125-135.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2015.01.024]
点击复制

土壤源热泵热响应测试研究进展及分析()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报:自然科学版[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2015年01期
页码:
125-135
栏目:
出版日期:
2015-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Advances in thermal response test of ground-coupled heat pump
文章编号:
1006-7930(2015)01-0125-11
作者:
孟庆龙;官燕玲;谷雅秀;赵凡;韩文生;
长安大学环境科学与工程学院;
Author(s):
MENG Qinglong GUAN Yanling GU Yaxiu ZHAO Fan HAN Wensheng
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
关键词:
土壤源热泵热响应测试热源模型
Keywords:
ground-coupled heat pump thermal response test heat source model
分类号:
TU111
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2015.01.024
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
对土壤源热泵热响应实验的发展进行了综述和分析.回顾国内外热响应实验的发展,简述热响应的概念和相关理论,论述国内外研究现状及发展动态,分析热响应测试结果的影响因素,如采用闭环控制克服电网波动、稳定功率和流量,并给出相应措施.最后给出目前存在的问题及发展方向.
Abstract:
The development of ground source heat pump thermal response test is reviewed and analyzed. The brief thermal response concepts and theories are given, and the development of the experimental thermal response at home and abroad also is discussed. The influence factors on test results are listed, such as closed-loop control to overcome the power grid fluctuations and flow changes. The advantages and disadvantages of self-developed thermal response test device are shown. Finally, the current problems and future development direction are given.

参考文献/References:

[1] YAVUZTURK C, SPITLER J.D. A Short Time Step Response Factor Model for Vertical Ground Loop Heat Exchangers[J].ASHRAE Transactions.1999,105(2):475-485.
[2] SANNER B, HELLSTROM G, SPITLER J. et al. 2005, Thermal response test –current status and world-wide application[C]//Proceedings World Geothermal Congress,Turkey: Antalya,2005, 4: 1-9.
[3] SANNER B, MANDS E, SAUER M, et al. Technology, development status, and routine application of Thermal Response Test[C]//Proceedings European Geothermal Congress, Germany: Unterhaching, 2007,30 May-1 June:1-6.
[4] RAYMOND J, REN´E Therrien, Louis Gosselin et al. A review of thermal response test analysis using pumping test concepts [J]. GROUND WATER, 2011,49(6):932-945.
[5] 李敏, 余延顺.地源热泵系统的热响应测试的研究进展[J]. 制冷与空调, 2010, 10(2): 31-34, 3.
LI Min, YU Yanshun. Research progress of thermal response test for GS HP system [J]. Refrigeration and Airconditioning,2010, 10(2): 31-34, 3.
[6] 彭清元, 常桂钦, 崔文智, 等. 基于线热源理论的岩土热响应测试研究现状[J].节能, 2010(8):15-19. PENG Qingyuan, CHANG Guiqin, CUI Wenzhi, et al.Recent status of in situ thermal response test based on line source theory [J].Energy Conservation, 2010(8):15-19.
[7] GAO, Q, LI M, YU M, et al. Review of development from GSHP to UTES in China and other countries[J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2009,13(6/7):1383-1394.
[8] JAVED S. Design of ground source heat pump systems –Thermal modelling and evaluation of boreholes. Building Services Engineering[D]. Goteborg (Sweden): Chalmers University of Technology, 2010.
[9] JAVED S, FAHLÉN, P. Development and planned operation of a ground source heat pump test facility[J].Newsletter IEA heat pump centre, 2010, 28(1):32-35.
[10] GEHLIN S. A mobile equipment for thermal response test: testing and evaluation[D]. Lulea (Sweden): Lulea University of Technology, 1996.
[11] GEHLIN S. Thermal response test in- situ measurements of thermal properties in hard rock. Division of Water Resources Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering[D]. Lulea (Sweden): Lulea University of Technology, 1998, 37: 5-10.
[12] SPITLER J.D, YAVUZTURK C, REES S.J. In Situ Measurement of Ground Thermal Properties[C]// Proceedings of Terrastock, Stuttgart, 2000, August 28-September 1 : 165-170.
[13] RICHARD A. BEIER José Acuña, PALNE Mogensen, et al. Vertical temperature profiles and borehole resistance in a U-tube borehole heat exchanger[J]. Geothermics, 2012, 44(10):23-32.
[14] RICHARD A. BEIER José Acuña, PALNE Mogensen, et al. Borehole resistance and vertical temperature profiles in coaxial borehole heat exchangers[J]. Applied Energy, 2013, 102(2): 665-675.
[15] 刁乃仁. 地热换热器的传热问题研究及其工程应用[D].北京: 清华大学, 2004.
DIAO Nairen Heat transfer analyses of ground heat exchangers and their engineering applications[D].Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2004.
[16] 刁乃仁, 方肇洪. 地埋管地源热泵技术[M].北京: 高等教育出版社, 2006.
DIAO Nairen, FANG Zhaohong. Ground-coupled heat pump technology[M].Beijing: Higher Education Press,2006.
[17] 官燕玲, 孟庆龙, 江超, 等. 地埋管地源热泵岩土热响应试验相关技术全尺寸三维数值分析[J]. 暖通空调,2012(11):138-142.
GUAN Yanling, MENG Qinglong, JIANG Chao, et al.Three-dimensional numerical analysis of full size thermal response test of ground source heat pump [J]. Journal of HV&AC, 2012(11):138-142.
[18] 王华军, 齐承英, 王恩宇, 等. 土壤热响应特性的一种改进实验装置[J].太阳能学报, 2010,31(5): 615-619.
WANG Huajun, QI Chengying, WANG Enyu, et al. Improved equipment of thermal response test of rock soils[J]. Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, 2010,31(5):615-619.
[19] WANG H, QI Chengying, DU Hongpu, et al. Improved method and case study of thermal response test for borehole heat exchangers of ground source heat pump system[J]. Renewable Energy, 2010. 35(3): 727-733.
[20] 胡平放, 雷飞, 孙启明, 等.岩土热物性测试影响因素的研究[J]. 暖通空调, 2009,39(3): 123-127.
HU Pingfang, LEI Fei, SUN Qiming, et al,. Study on influence factors for thermo- physical property of soil [J].Journal of HV&AC,2009, 39(3): 123-127.
[21] 王庆华. 浅层岩土体热物理性质原位测试仪的研制及传热数值模拟[D].长春:吉林大学, 2009.
WANG Qinghua. Simulation of heat transfer and development of in-situ testing equipment of rock and soil thermophysical properties[D].Changchun: Jilin University, 2009.
[22] 李晓东, 于明志, 方肇洪. 基于地源热泵的便携式岩土热物性测试仪及其方法, 中国专利申请号:200610042581.0[P]. 2006.2.27.
LI Xiaodong, YU Mingzhi, FANG Zhaohong. The method and portable soil thermal properties tester of ground source heat pump, Chinese patent application number: 200610042581[P].02006.2.27.
[23] 连之伟, 于新, 李世刚, 等. 地源热泵用高精度土壤热物性测试仪, 中国发明专利申请号: 200810201626[P].
LIAN Zhiwei, YU Xin, LI Shigang, et al. High precision soil thermal physical property tester for ground source heat pump, Chinese p patent application number:200810201626[P]. [24] MOGENSEN P. Fluid to Duct Wall Heat Transfer in Duct System Heat Storages[C]//Proc. Int. Conf. on Subsurface Heat Storage in Theory and Practice. Stockholm, Sweden, 1983, June 6-8: 652-657.
[25] DAVID Banks. An Introduction to Thermogeology: Ground Source Heating and Cooling[M].NewYork: John Wiley Press, 2009.
[26] AUSTIN WA. Development of an in situ system for measuring ground thermal properties[D].Stillwater:Oklahoma State University, 1995.
[27] ROTH P, GEORGIEV A, BUSSO A. et al. First in situ determination of ground and borehole thermal properties in Latin America[J]. Renewable Energy, 2004, 29(12):1947-1963.
[28] SHARQAWY M.H., MOKHEIMER E.M, HABIB M.A, et al. Energy, exergy and uncertainty analyses of the thermal response test for a ground heat exchanger[J].International Journal of Energy Research, 2009. 33(6):582-592.
[29] ESEN H., INALLI M. In-situ thermal response test for ground source heat pump system in Elaz??[J]. Turkey. Energy and Buildings, 2009. 41(4): 395-401.
[30] Raymond, J.R, Therrien.R, Gosselin.L. A novel thermal response test using heating cables[C]//Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010: 1-10.
[31] GEORGIEV A, GEORGIEV S, POPOV R. The Bulgarian Experience in the Thermal Response Tests[C]//Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, Bali, Indonesia,2010,April:1-725-29.
[32] SARBU I, BURA H. Thermal tests on borehole heat exchangers for ground–coupled heat pump systems[J].International Journal of Energy& Environment, 2011,5(3): 385-393.
[33] WITTE H J L, GELDER G J, SPITLER J D. In situ measurement of ground thermal conductivity: A Dutch perspective[J].ASHRAE Transactions,2002,108: 263-272.
[34] BOUKLI Hacene, AMARA M. S, SARI N. Chabane, Analysis of the first thermal response test in Algeria[J].Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2012,107(3): 1363-1369.
[35] 黎雪梅, 高宝珠, 田光辉, 等. 天津中新生态城地源热泵原位热响应试验研究[J]. 地下水, 2009, 31(4) :155-158.
LI Xuemei, GAO Baozhu, TIAN Guanghui, et al, In situ thermal response test of Tianjin ecocity in ground source heat pump[J].Ground water, 2009, 31(4): 155-158.
[36] 施恂根, 苏华, 黄练红, 等 岩土热响应测试系统的研究与开发[J]. 节能技术, 2009, 27(4):383-387.
SHI Xungen, SU Hua, HUANG Lianhong, et al. Research and development of the test system based on rock and soil thermal Response[J]. Energy Conservation Technology, 2009, 27(4):383-387.
[37] 苏华, 施恂根. 绵阳烟厂岩土热响应测试[J].暖通空调,2009,39(12):102-106.
SU Hua, SHI Xungen. Rock soil thermal response test for Mianyang cigarette factory[J].Journal of HV&AC, 2009,39(12):102-106.
[38] 乔卫来, 陈九法, 薛琴, 等. 地埋管热响应测试及数据分析方法[J].流体机械, 2010, 38(6): 60-63, 40.
QIAO Weilai, CHEN Jiufa, XUE Qin, et al. In-situ Thermal response test and data analysis[J]. Fluid machinery, 2010, 38(6):60-63, 40.
[39] GB50366-2009. 地源热泵系统工程技术规范[S].北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2009.
GB50366-2009. Systems engineering technical specification for ground source heat pump[S].Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2009.
[40] ASHRAE, 2002. Methods for determining soil and rock formation thermal properties from field tests. ASHRAE Research Summary 1118-TRP. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.
[41] ASHRAE. 2007. Geothermal Energy. In ASHRAE Handbook. Heating, Ventilating, and Air-conditioning Applications, ed. ASHRAE. Atlanta: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.
[42] GUSTAFSSON A.M, WESTERLUND L, Heat extraction thermal response test in groundwater-filled borehole heat exchanger-Investigation of the borehole thermal resistance[J]. Renewable Energy, 2011. 36(9): 2388-2394.
[43] MARCO F. The temperature penalty approach to the design of borehole heat exchangers for heat pump applications[J]. Energy and Buildings, 2011. 43(6):1473-1479.
[44] CENK Yavuzturk. Modeling of vertical ground loop heat exchangers for ground source heat pump systems [D].Stillwater: Oklahoma State University, 1999.
[45] CHIASSON AD. Advances in modeling of ground-source heat pump systems[D].Stillwater: Oklahoma State University, 1999.
[46] BEIER R A, SMITH M. D. Borehole Thermal Resistance From Line-Source Model of In-Situ Tests[J]. ASHRAE Transactions 2002, 108, Part 2: 212-219.
[47] CARSLAW H.S. Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of the Conduction of Heat in Solids[M]. NewYork: Dover. 1945.
[48] BEIER R. A, SMITH M. D. Minimum Duration of In-Situ Tests on Vertical Boreholes [J].ASHRAE Transactions, 2003, 109(Part 2): 475-486.
[49] LAMARCHE L, BEAUCHAMP B. A new contribution to the finite line-source model for geothermal boreholes[J]. Energy and Buildings, 2007,39(2): 188-198.
[50] BEIER R.A. Vertical temperature profile in ground heat exchanger during in-situ test[J].Renewable Energy, 2011.36(5): 1578-1587.
[51] BANDOS T.V, MONTERO Á, FERNÁNDEZ E, et al. Finite line-source model for borehole heat exchangers: effect of vertical temperature variations[J].Geothermics, 2009. 38(2): 263-270.
[52] 曾和义, 刁乃仁, 方肇洪. 地源热泵竖直埋管的有限长线热源模型[J]. 热能动力工程,2003a,18(3) :166-169,215.
ZENG Heyi, DIAO Nairen, FANG Zhaohong. A model of finite length linear heat source for the vertical embedded pipe of a ground source heat pump[J]. Journal of Engineering for Thermal Energy & Power. 2003, 18(3):166-169, 215.
[53] 曾和义. U型竖直埋管地热换热器传热模型研究[D].济南: 山东建筑工程学院, 2003.
ZENG Heyi. The Studies of the models for Vertical U-type Geothermal Heat Exchangers[D].Jinan: Shandong Jianzhu University, 2003.
[54] KAVANAUGH S P. Field tests for ground thermal properties-methods and impact on ground-source heat pump design[J]. ASHRAE Transactions, 2000, 106:851-855.
[55] BEIER R.A., SMITH M.D, SPITLER J.D. Reference data sets for vertical borehole ground heat exchanger models and thermal response test analysis [J].Geothermics, 2011. 40(1): 79-85.
[56] GEHLIN S.E.A, HELLSTRÖM G. Comparison of four models for thermal response test evaluation[J]. ASHRAE Transactions; 2003; 109: 131-142.
[57] LAMARCHE L, BEAUCHAMP B. New solutions for the short-time analysis of geothermal vertical boreholes[J]. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2007. 50(7-8): 1408-1419.
[58] SHONDER J.A, BECK J.V. Field test of a new method for determining soil formation thermal conductivity and borehole resistance[J].ASHRAE Transactions; 2000; 106:843-850.
[59] LAMARCHE L. A fast algorithm for the hourly simulations of ground-source heat pumps using arbitrary response factors[J].Renewable Energy, 2009. 34(10):2252-2258.
[60] RAYMOND J, LAMARCHE L. Development and numerical validation of a novel thermal response test with a low power source[J]. Geothermics, 2014, 51(7):434-444.
[61] ZHANG C, GUO ZJ, LIU YF, et al., A review on thermal response test of ground-coupled heat pump systems[J].Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014,40(12): 851-867.
[62] LI Min, ALVIN C.K. Lai. New temperature response functions (G functions) for pile and borehole ground heat exchangers based on composite-medium line-source theory[J].Energy, 2012, 38(1): 255-263.
[63] CHOI Jong Min, LEE Chulho, PARK Moonseo, et al. Numerical simulation for thermal response test performance in closed-loop vertical ground heat exchanger[J]. Science China, 2011, 54(7): 1668-1673.
[64] RAYMOND J, THERRIEN R, GOSSELIN. L, et al. Numerical analysis of thermal response tests with a groundwater flow and heat transfer model[J].Renewable Energy, 2011, 36 (1) 315-324.
[65] SIGNORELLI S, BASSETTI Simone, PAHUD Daniel, et al. Numerical evaluation of thermal response tests[J].Geothermics, 2007. 36(2): 141-166.
[66] 曹琦. 土壤源热泵单元埋管换热器热响应曲线热电比拟分析[J]. 工程建设与设计. 2007(9): 17-20.
CAO Qi. Curve of cell ground heat exchanger by assimilateteat and electricity for ground source heat pump system[J]. Engineering construction and design 2007(9):17-20.

[67] BAUER D, HEIDEMANN W, DIERSCH H.J.G. Transient 3D analysis of borehole heat exchanger modeling[J]. Geothermics,2011, 40(4): 250-260
[68] RAYMOND J, THERRIEN R, GOSSELIN L. Borehole temperature evolution during thermal response tests[J].Geothermics, 2011c. 40(1): 69-78.
[69] BOZZOLI F, PAGLIARINI G, RAINIERI S, et al. Estimation of soil and grout thermal properties through a TSPEP (two-step parameter estimation procedure)applied to TRT (thermal response test) data[J]. Energy,2011. 36(2): 839-846.
[70] 乔卫来, 陈九法, 薛琴, 等. 地埋管换热器热响应测试与模拟研究[J].建筑热能通风空调, 2010a, 29(1): 1-4,12.
QIAO Weilai, CHEN Jiufa XUE Qin, et al. Study on thermal response test and numeric Simulation for ground heat Exchanger[J].Building Energy & Environment, 2010, 29(1):1-4, 12.
[71] 刘俊, 张旭, 高军, 等. 地源热泵桩基埋管传热性能测试与数值模拟研究[J].太阳能学报, 2009, 30(6) :727-731. LIU Jun, ZHANG Xu, GAO Jun, et al. Heat transfer performance test and numerical simulation of pipe-pipe ground source heat pump system[J].Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, 2009, 30(6): 727-731.
[72] DE CARLI M, TONON M, ZARRELLA A. et al., A computational capacity resistance model (CaRM) for vertical ground-coupled heat exchangers[J].Renewable Energy, 2010. 35(7): 1537-1550.
[73] ZARRELLA A, SCARPA M, DE CARLI M, Short time step analysis of vertical ground-coupled heat exchangers: The approach of CaRM[J].Renewable Energy, 2011.36(9): 2357-2367.
[74] LAMARCHE L, KAJL S, BEAUCHAMP B. A review of methods to evaluate borehole thermal resistances in geothermal heat-pump systems[J]. Geothermics, 2010.39(2): 187-200.
[75] LEE C K, LAM H N. Computer simulation of borehole ground heat exchangers for geothermal heat pump systems[J]. Renewable Energy, 2008. 33(6): 1286-1296.
[76] LEE C K. Effects of multiple ground layers on thermal response test analysis and ground-source heat pump simulation[J]. Applied Energy, 2011. 88(12): 4405-4410.
[77] MARCOTTE D, PASQUIER P. On the estimation of thermal resistance in borehole thermal conductivity test [J]. Renewable Energy, 2008. 33(11): 2407-2415.
[78] NAGENDRA K J. Parameter estimation of ground thermal properties[D]. Stillwater: Oklahoma State University, 1999.
[79] UNDERWOOD C.P, SPITLER J.D. Analysis of vertical ground loop heat exchangers applied to buildings in the UK[J]. Building SERV ENG RES TECHNOL, 2007,28(2): 133-159.
[80] 曲云霞. 地源热泵系统模型与仿真[D].西安:西安建筑科技大学,2004.
QU Yunxia. Modeling and simulation for ground source heat pumps system[D]. Xi’an: Xi’an Univ. of Arch. &Tech., 2004.
[81] 连小鑫, 刘金洋, 陈晓春, 等. 垂直U型地埋管换热器的数值模拟分析[J].太阳能学报, 2012, 33(1): 48-55.
LIAN Xiaoxin, LIU Jinyang, CHEN Xiaochun, et al. Simulation analysis of vertical U type ground numerical heat exchanger[J].Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, 2012,33(1):48-55.
[82] VALENTIN Wagner, PETER Bayer, MARKUS Kübert. Numerical sensitivity study of thermal response tests[J].Renewable Energy, 2012, 41(5): 245-253.
[83]GUSTAFSSON A.M. Thermal response test: numerical simulations and analyses[D].Scandinavia: Luleå University of Technology, 2006.
[84] 江超. 土壤源热泵工程应用[D].西安:长安大学,2011.

JIANG Chao. Ground source heat pump engineering application[D].Xi’an: Chang’an University, 2011.
[85] 张鑫. 垂直式地埋管换热理论及岩土热物性参数试验方法[D].西安:长安大学,2012.6.
ZHANG Xin. Vertical buried tube heat exchange theory and rock soil thermal test method of parameters[D].Xi’an: Chang’an University, 2012. [86] BEIER R A, SMITH M D. “Analyzing Interrupted In-Situ Tests on Vertical Boreholes,”[J]. ASHRAE Transactions 2005 Vol. 111, Part 1: 702-713.
[87] BEIER R A. “Equivalent Time for Interrupted Tests on Borehole Heat Exchangers,” [J]. International Journal of Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Research, 2008, 14(3):489-505.
[88] HU Pingfang, MENG Qingfeng, SUN Qiming. A method and case study of thermal response test with unstable heat rate[J].Energy and Buildings, 2012, 48(5): 199-205.
[89] SHONDER J A, BECK J V. A new method to determine the thermal properties of soil formations from in-situ field tests[R]. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US) Report ORNL/TM-2000/97, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA. 2000a.
[90] GUSTAFSSON A.M, WESTERLUND L. Multi-injection rate thermal response test in groundwater filled borehole heat exchanger[J]. Renewable Energy, 2010.35(5):1061-1070.
[91] HEIKO T. Liebel, SAQIB Javed, GUNNAR Vistnes. Multi-injection rate thermal response test with forced convection in a groundwater-filled borehole in hard rock[J].Renewable Energy, 2012,48(12): 263-268.
[92] BEIER, R. A, SMITH M. D. “Removing Variable Heat Rate Effects from Borehole Tests,”[J]. ASHRAE Transactions 2003b, Vol. 109, Part 2: 463-474.
[93] 常桂钦, 廖全, 彭清元, 等,土壤源热泵岩土热物性测试的参数分析[J].煤气与热力, 2011,31(5):A05-10. CHANG Guiqin, LIAO Quan, PENG Qingyuan, et al. Analysis of parameters for soil thermo physical properties test around ground-source heat pump[J]. CHANG GAS & HEAT, 2011, 31(5):A05-10.
[94] LIU Y. D, BEIER R. A. "Required duration for borehole test validated by field data"[J]. ASHRAE Transactions,2009,115(part2): 782-792.
[95] AUSTIN W.A, YAVUZTURK C, SPITLER J.D. Development of an in-situ system for measuring ground thermal properties[J].ASHRAE Transactions 2000,106(1): 365-79.
[96] SMITH M, PERRY R. In-situ testing and thermal conductivity testing[C]//Proceedings of the Geo exchange Technical Conference and Exposition, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, 1999 May 16-19.
[97] JAVED S, SPITLER J D, FAHLÉN P. An Experimental Investigation of the Accuracy of Thermal Response Tests Used to Measure Ground Thermal Properties[J].ASHRAE Transactions, 2011, 17(Part 1): 13-21.
[98] GEHLIN S.E.A, NORDELL B. Determining undisturbed ground temperature for thermal response test[J].ASHRAE Transactions; 2003d,109: 151-156.
[99] JOSÉ Acuña. Improvements of U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchangers[D]. KTH School of Industrial Engineering and Management, 2010.
[100]郑红旗, 祝合虎, 陈九法. 地埋管回填材料与地源热泵地下温度场的测试分析[J].流体机械,2009, 37(3):60-63.
ZHENG Hongqi, ZHU Hehu, CHEN Jiufa. Experimental Investigation on Backfill Material and Soil Temperature profile for ground coupled heat pump system[J]. FLU IDMACH INERY, 2009, 37(3): 60-63.
[101] LEE C, PARK M, MIN S, et al. Comparison of effective thermal conductivity in closed-loop vertical ground heat exchangers[J]. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2011.31(17-18): 3669-3676.
[102] LEE C, PARK Moonseo, NGUYEN The-Bao, et al. Performance evaluation of closed-loop vertical ground heat exchangers by conducting in-situ thermal response tests[J].Renewable Energy, 2012, 42(6): 77-83.
[103] BANDOS T.V, MONTERO Á, FERNÁNDEZ de Córdoba P, et al. Improving parameter estimates obtained from thermal response tests: Effect of ambient air temperature variations[J]. Geothermics, 2011. 40(2):136-143.
[104] GEHLIN, S.E.A, HELLSTRÖM G, NORDELL B. The influence of the thermo siphon effect on the thermal response test[J]. Renewable Energy, 2003b. 28(14):2239-2254.
[105] 方亮,张方方,方肇洪. 关于地埋管换热器热响应试验的讨论[J].建筑热能通风空调,2009,28(4):48-51.
FAN Liang, ZHANG Fangfang, FANG Zhaohong. Comments on the thermal response test of the ground heat exchangers[J]. Building Energy & Environment,2009, 28(4): 48-51.
[106] 王雷岗,郑中援,马健,等. 地埋管地源热泵系统设计若干关键问题的研究[J]. 暖通空调,2011,41(2): 41-44.
WANG Leigang, ZHENG Zhongyuan, MA Jian, et al. Crucial issues in design of ground source heat pump systems with ground heat exchanger[J]. Journal of HV&AC, 2011,41(2):41-44.
[107] KATSURA, T., K. Nagano, S. Hori, et al. Investigation of groundwater flow effect on the thermal response test result[C]//Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Thermal Energy Storage; Effstock 2009, Stockholm,Sweden, June 14-17.
[108] BOZDA ?, TURGUT B, PAKSOY H, et al. Ground water level influence on thermal response test in Adana, Turkey[J]. International Journal of Energy Research,2008. 32(7): 629-633.
[109] GEHLIN S.E.A, HELLSTRÖM G., Influence on thermal response test by groundwater flow in vertical fractures in hard rock[J].Renewable Energy,2003a,28(14):2221-2238.
[110] VALENTIN Wagner, PHILIPP Blum, MARKUS Kübert, et al. Analytical approach to groundwater-influenced thermal response tests of grouted borehole heat exchangers[J]. Geothermics, 2013, 46(4): 22-31.
[111] JULIO Martos, ÁLVARO Montero, JOSÉ Torres, et al. Novel wireless sensor system for dynamic characterization of borehole heat exchangers[J]. Sensors 2011, 11(7): 7082-7094.
[112] ERNST Rohner, LADISLAUS Rybach, ULRICH Schärli. a new small wireless instrument to determine ground thermal conductivity in-situ for borehole heat exchanger design[C]// Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2005, Antalya, Turkey, 2005:1-4.
[113] POPPEI J, SCHWARZ R, et al. Innovative improvements of thermal response test, final report[R].Commissioned by Swiss Federal Office of Energy (BFE), 2008: 1-68.
[114] FUJII H, OKUBO Hiroaki, NISHI Keita, et al. An improved thermal response test for U-tube ground heat exchanger based on optical fiber thermometers[J].Geothermics, 2009, 38(4):399-406.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-08-04 修改稿日期: 2015-02-03
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51208059);西安市科技计划项目(SJW2014009)
作者简介:孟庆龙(1979-),男,博士,讲师,主要从事建筑节能控制方面的教学与科研工作.E-mail: mql19@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01