[1]房 涛,李 洁,王崇杰,等.太阳辐射得热影响下的近零能耗住宅体形设计研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2020,(02):287-295.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2020.02.019]
 FANG Tao,LI Jie,WANG Chongjie,et al.Form design of nearly zero energy residence due to solar heat gains[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2020,(02):287-295.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2020.02.019]
点击复制

太阳辐射得热影响下的近零能耗住宅体形设计研究()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
287-295
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Form design of nearly zero energy residence due to solar heat gains
文章编号:
1006-7930(2020)02-0287-09
作者:
房 涛1李 洁2王崇杰1杨 崴2
(1.山东建筑大学 建筑城规学院,山东 济南 250101; 2.天津大学 建筑学院,天津 300072)
Author(s):
FANG Tao1LI Jie2WANG Chongjie1YANG Wei2
(1.School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101,China; 2.School of Architecture,Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072,china)
关键词:
近零能耗太阳辐射采暖需求体形系数能量平衡
Keywords:
nearly zero energy solar radiation heating demand shape coefficient energy balance
分类号:
TU111
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2020.02.019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
寒冷地区近零能耗住宅中,太阳辐射得热对住宅的采暖需求影响显著,进而影响住宅的体形节能设计.从全年冷热能量平衡的角度,通过对窗墙比、太阳得热系数、体形系数与寒冷地区住宅供暖制冷需求的关系进行敏感性分析,发现近零能耗目标下住宅的南、东、西向外窗是整体得热构件,这一结论表明:以体形系数控制建筑散热面积来实现降低近零能耗住宅冷热需求的方法是不适宜的.由此,在此基础上通过多元线性回归建立了住宅年冷热需求与建筑形体的数学模型,其可为我国寒冷地区近零能耗住宅的性能化设计提供必要理论依据
Abstract:
Heat sources due to solar radiation seems to have much more influence than transmission heat dissipation on nearly zero energy buildings, which also results in the differences in building form design methods. In this study, the single-factor and two-factor sensitivity analysis is applied to find the relationship between window-wall ratio, solar heat gain coefficient,shape coefficient and the heating and cooling demand of residential buildings in cold areas from the perspective of energy balance. The results indicate that the window(south, east and west direction external window)under the goal of nearly zero energy consumption was the overall heat gain component, which indicated that using the shape coefficient to reduce the radiating area so as to realize decreasing energy consumption was unsuitability for nearly zero energy building. Finally, multiple linear regression was carried out to build the formula of heating and cooling demand, which provided a theoretical foundation for the performance-oriented design of nearly zero residence forms in the cold zones of China

参考文献/References:

[1] Passive House Institute. Criteria for the Passive House, EnerPHit and PHI Low Energy Building Standard[S]. version 9f,2016:5-27.
[2] 住房城乡建设部.被动式超低能耗绿色建筑技术导则(试行)(居住建筑)[S].北京:中国建筑科学研究院,2015:7-12.
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development. Technical guide of passive ultra-low energy green building(try out)(residential buildings)[S]. Beijing: China Academy of Building Research, 2015:7-12.(in Chinese)
[3] 河北省住房和城乡建设厅. 被动式低能耗居住建筑节能设计标准: DB13(J)/T177-2015[S].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2015:26-51.
Departent of Housing&Uraban-Rural Development.Hebei. Design standard for energy efficiency of passive low-energy residential buildings: DB13(J)/T177-2015[S].Beijing:China Architecture&Building Press,2015:26-51.(in Chinese)
[4] 山东省住房和城乡建设厅. 被动式超低能耗居住建筑节能设计标准: DB37/T5074-2016[S].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2016:6-10.
Departent of Housing&Uraban-Rural Development. Shandong. Design standard for energy efficiency of passive ultra-low energy residential buildings: DB37/T5074-2016 [S].Beijing:China Architecture&Building Press,2016:6-10.(in Chinese)
[5] 贝特霍尔德·考夫曼,沃尔夫冈·菲斯特.德国被动房设计与施工指南[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2015:17-21,52-59.
BERTHOLD Kaufman,WOLFGANG Feist.Passivhauser erfolgreich planen und bauen[R].Passivhaus Institut,Darmstadt,2015:11-16.
[6] JEDRZEJUK Hanna, MARKS Wojciech.Optimization of shape and functional structure of buildings as well as heat source utilization[J].Building and Environment,2002,37:1037-1043.
[7] FLORIDES G A,TASSOU S A,KALOGIROU S A,et al.Measures used to lower building energy consumption and their cost effectiveness[J].Applied Energy,2002,73(3-4):299-328.
[8] MECHRI Houcem Eddine, CAPOZZOLI Alfonso, CORRADO Vincenzo. USE of the ANOVA approach for sensitive building energy design[J].Applied Energy,2010.10,87(10):3073-3083.
[9] SZALAY Zsuzsa, ZOLD Andras.Definition of nearly zero-energy building requirements based on a large building sample[J].Energy Policy,2014,74(11):510-521.
[10]王锦.建筑方案创作阶段的节能构思[D].西安建筑科技大学,2005:20-27.
WANG Jin. Energy Efficiency Conceiving During the Stage of Architecture Composition[D]. Xi’an:Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology,2005:20-27.
[11]房涛.天津地区零能耗住宅设计研究[D].天津; 天津大学, 2012:67-89.
FANG Tao.Research on Design of Zero-energy Resedential Building for Tianjin Area[D].Tianjin:Tianjin University,2012:67-89.
[12]张海滨. 寒冷地区居住建筑体型设计参数与建筑节能的定量关系研究[D].天津大学,2012:65-92.
ZHANG Haibin.Study on qualitative relationship of the design parameters of residential buildings and building energy efficiency in cold regions[D]. Tianjin:Tianjin University,2012:65-92.
[13]潘毅群,左明明,李玉明.建筑能耗模拟——绿色建筑设计与建筑节能改造的支持工具之一:基本原理与软件[J].制冷与空调,2008,22(3):10-16.
PAN Yiqun,ZUO Mingming, LI Yuming. Building Energy Simulation-Supporting Tool for Green Building Design and Building Commissioning-Part I: Basic Principle and Software[J].Refrigeration & Air Conditioning,2008,22(3):10-16(in Chinese).
[14]彦启森,赵庆珠.建筑热过程[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,1986.
YAN Qingshen,ZHAO Qingzhu.Building Thermal Process[M]. Beijing:China Architecture&Building Press,1986.
[15]张文彤.SPSS统计分析高级教程[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2004:91-136.
ZHANG Wentong.SPSS Advanced Tutorial in Statistical Analysis[M].Beijing:Higher Eeucation Press,2004:91-136.

相似文献/References:

[1]姚万祥,李峥嵘,陆瑞阳,等.基于各向异性太阳辐射的遮阳控制策略研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2013,(05):681.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2013.05.013]
 YAO Wan-xiang,LI Zheng-rong,LU Rui-yang,et al.Study on shading control patterns based on anisotropic solar radiation[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2013,(02):681.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2013.05.013]
[2]杨应华,马 越.太阳辐射作用下钢筒仓结构温度场分析研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2016,(01):52.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2016.01.009]
 YANG Yinghua,MA Yue.A study on the temperature field of steel silos under solar radiation[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2016,(02):52.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2016.01.009]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-03-05 修改稿日期:2020-03-25
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51608308); 住房城乡建设部科学技术计划(2017-k1-024); 天津市应用基础与前沿技术计划(15JCYBJC49000)
第一作者:房 涛(1982-),男,博士,副教授,主要从事近零能耗建筑设计与可再生能源利用研究.E-mail: arcft0123@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-25