[1]王科奇,王嘉仪.减弱“被害恐惧感”视角下长春市半封闭住区防卫安全设计研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2020,(04):555-562.[doi:10.15986-j.1006-7930.2020.04.013]
 WANG Keqi,WANG Jiayi.Discussion on defense safety design of typical semi-gated residential community in Changchun in view of weakening fear of crime[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2020,(04):555-562.[doi:10.15986-j.1006-7930.2020.04.013]
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减弱“被害恐惧感”视角下长春市半封闭住区防卫安全设计研究()
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西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2020年04期
页码:
555-562
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Discussion on defense safety design of typical semi-gated residential community in Changchun in view of weakening fear of crime
文章编号:
1006-7930(2020)04-0555-08
作者:
王科奇王嘉仪
(吉林建筑大学 建筑与规划学院,吉林 长春 130118)
Author(s):
WANG KeqiWANG Jiayi
(School of Architecture and City Plan,Jilin Jianzhu University, Changchun 130118, China)
关键词:
被害恐惧感 防卫安全设计 半封闭住区 外环境
Keywords:
fear of crime defense safety design semi-gated residential community outer environment
分类号:
TU05; X956
DOI:
10.15986-j.1006-7930.2020.04.013
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
病态的住区外环境是引发居民被害恐惧感的重要因素.以CPTED理论和城市“易犯罪”空间理论为支撑,提出空间位置、空间形态和空间氛围是影响居民被害恐惧感的三大空间属性,在对长春市代表性半封闭住区外环境调研的基础上,梳理其外环境中对居民被害恐惧感产生不良影响的防卫安全问题,分析了住区外环境的可见性、通达性、领域性、识别性、积极性、意象性等环境特性对被害恐惧感的影响,借助SPSS软件对调研数据进行logistic回归分析,量化空间环境因素对被害恐惧感的影响程度,在此基础上,提出解决问题的思路框架以及可减弱居民被害恐惧感的防卫安全设计策略,分别为针对空间环境的可见性问题、通达性问题、识别性问题和意象性问题的策略.
Abstract:
Morbid spatial environment is the main factor that causes residents’ fear of crime. Supported by the CPTED and “Vulnerable to crime” theories, the paper proposes that spatial position, spatial form and spatial atmosphere are three physical spatial attributes that have important influences on residents’ fear of crime in the outer environment of residential community. Through on-the-spot observation and questionnaire survey of Fuhao Garden, a typical semi-gated residential community in Changchun, based on analysis of the survey datum using Logistic regression analysis of SPSS, the paper teasts out the defense safety problems related to spatial position, spatial morphology and spatial atmosphere that have adverse influences on residents’ fear of crime. On this basis, the paper analyses the environmental characters that influence residents’ fear of crime, such as accessibility, identifiability, visibility, territoriality, imagery and positivity of space. Through the analysis mentioned above, four defense safety design strategies, namely the design strategies aiming at spatial visibility, the design strategies in view of spatial accessibility, the design strategies in allusion to spatial identifiability, and the design strategies directing at spatial imagery are proposed to weaken residents’ fear of crime of outer environment in Fuhao Garden residential community.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-10-25 修改稿日期:2020-07-10
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51778266)
第一作者:王科奇(1971-)男,博士,教授,一级注册建筑师,主要从事建筑设计及其理论,人居环境安全相关研究.E-mail:wkq0431@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-25