[1]王怡,陈琳风,王文怀,等.改性石榴皮生物炭对水中低浓度硝氮的吸附性能研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2019,(06):899-904.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2019.06.018]
 WANG Yi,CHEN Linfeng,WANG Wenhuai,et al.Adsorption Behavior of Low Concentration Nitrate Nitrogen from Water by Modified Biochars from Pomegranate peel[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2019,(06):899-904.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2019.06.018]
点击复制

改性石榴皮生物炭对水中低浓度硝氮的吸附性能研究()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
899-904
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Adsorption Behavior of Low Concentration Nitrate Nitrogen from Water by Modified Biochars from Pomegranate peel
文章编号:
1006-7930(2019)06-0899-06
作者:
王怡123陈琳风1王文怀1冯琳琳1柴宝华1范攀1丁卓1云斯宁4徐鸿飞4
(1、西安建筑科技大学环境与市政工程学院,陕西 西安 710055;2、西安建筑科技大学陕西省环境工程重点实验室,陕西 西安 710055;3、西安建筑科技大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室,陕西 西安 710055;4、西安建筑科技大学,材料科学与工程学院,功能材料研究所,陕西 西安 710055)
Author(s):
WANG Yi123CHEN Linfeng1 WANG Wenhuai1 FENG Linlin1 CHAI Baohua1 FAN Pan1 DING Zhuo1YUN Sining4XU Hongfei4
(1. School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055,China;2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an710055, People’s Republic of China;3. Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource, Environment and Ecology, MOE, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, People’s Republic of China;4、Laboratory of Functional Materials, School of materials science and Engineering,XI’an Univ. of Arch.,and Tech .Xi’an 710055,China)
关键词:
石榴皮生物炭改性低浓度硝氮吸附
Keywords:
Pomegranate peel biochar modification low concentration NO3--N adsorption
分类号:
X52
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2019.06.018
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以石榴皮为原料在不同条件下制备生物炭,并对其进行盐酸改性,对比改性前后生物炭性质及其对硝氮的吸附效果。SEM、FTIR及等电点测定结果表明,改性后生物炭表面覆盖的颗粒被清除,微孔更清晰且孔径均有所增大;三种改性生物炭均含有-OH官能团,其中HBC600、HBC700是新增的;HBC600、HBC700和HGBC700等电点分别为9.1、10.1和8.1。未改性生物炭BC600、BC700和GBC700吸附后引起硝氮浓度增高,而改性生物炭HBC600、HBC700和HGBC700均具有较好吸附效果。硝氮初始浓度、吸附时间及投量均影响生物炭的吸附效果,硝氮初始浓度越低、吸附时间越长、投量越大,三种改性生物炭对硝氮的去除率越高,且相同条件下HBC700对硝氮的吸附效果均最优,最大吸附量可达1.742 mg/g。在硝氮9.0 mg/L、投量8.0 g/L、吸附时间12 h条件下,HBC700吸附去除硝氮的综合效果最佳,去除率为87.6%,且可解吸再利用。
Abstract:
Biochars were prepared from pomegranate peel under different conditions and then modified by hydrochloric acid. The characteristics and adsorption effects to NO3--N of the modified and raw biochars were investigated. The results of SEM, FTIR and isoelectric point showed that tiny pores of the modified biochars became clear after the particles were removed and pore diameter grew larger. Moreover, all the modified biochars had -OH group, which was the newcomer for HBC600 and HBC700. In addition, the isoelectric points of HBC600, HBC700 and HGBC700 were 9.1, 10.1 and 8.1 respectively. Unexpectedly, the raw biochars (BC600, BC700 and GBC700) could lead to the NO3--N concentration increased after adsorption, but the modified biochars (HBC600, HBC700 and HGBC700) had significant adsorptive effect on NO3--N, which was affected by the initial concentration of NO3--N, the dosage of modified biochars and the adsorption time. The removal rate of NO3--N was increased with the lower NO3--N concentration, the larger dosage, and the longer adsorption time. Compared with others, HBC700 had the optimal adsorption ability to NO3--N and the maximum could reach 1.742 mg/g. The optimal condition for HBC700 adsorption was at 9.0 mg/L NO3--N , dosage of 8.0 g/L and adsorption time of 12 h, where the removal rate of NO3--N reached up to 87.6% and HBC700 could be reused after desorption.

参考文献/References:

[1] 李德生, 范太兴, 申彦冰, 等. 污水处理厂尾水的电化学脱氮技术[J]. 化工学报, 2013, 64(3): 320-326.Li Desheng, Fan Taixing, Shen Yanbing, et al. Electrochemical technology for denitrification of tail water from wastewater treatment plant[J]. CIESC Journal, 2013, 64(3): 320-326(in Chinese).
[2] 康芳芳, 李默, 陈志强, 等. 3种组合工艺深度处理污水处理厂二级出水的研究[J]. 给水排水, 2018, 54 (S2): 66-73.Kang Fangfang, Li Mo, Chen Zhiqiang, et al. Study on the advanced treatment of secondary effluent by three advanced wastewater treatment trains[J]. WATER & WASTEWATER, 2018, 54 (S2): 66-73(in Chinese).
[3] 李洪毅, 李书鹏, 孙尧, 等. 化学-生物联合脱氮法去除地下水中硝酸盐[J]. 环境工程, 2015, 33(S1): 38-42, 47.Li Hongyi, Li Shupeng, Sun Yao, et al. The removal of nitrate in groundwater by chemicalbiological combined denitrification[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2015, 33(S1): 38-42, 47(in Chinese).
[4] 陈勇, 张新龙, 陆继来, 等. 反渗透预涂膜强化处理废水中硝酸盐氮的研究[J]. 环境科技, 2015, 28 (5): 16-19.Chen Yong, Zhang Xinlong, Lu Jilai, et al. Study on enhanced treatment of wastewater containing high nitrate by pre-coating reverse osmosismembrane[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2015, 28 (5): 16-19(in Chinese).
[5] 李庆山, 张庆乐, 秦文欣, 等. 改性香蕉皮对地下水中硝酸盐的吸附特征[J]. 化学世界, 2017, 58(9): 28-36. Li Qingshan, Zhang Qingle, Qin Wenxin, et al. Adsorption of nitrate in groundwater by modified banana peel[J]. Chemical World, 2017, 58(9): 28-36(in Chinese).
[6] Qu W , Pan Z , Zhang R , et al. Integrated Extraction and Anaerobic Digestion Process for Recovery of Nutraceuticals and Biogas from Pomegranate Marc[J]. Transactions of the ASABE, 2009, 52(6):1997-2006.
[7] 刘青松, 赵丽芳. 热解温度对生物炭表面性质及释放氮磷的影响[J]. 农业资源与环境学报, 2016, 33 (2): 164-169. Liu Qingsong, Zhao Lifang. Effects of biochar pyrolysis temperature on its surface characteristics and nitrogen and phosphorus release[J]. Journalof Agricultural Resources and Environment, 2016, 33 (2): 164-169(in Chinese).
[8] 张文, 吕欣田, 韩睿, 等. 2种改性生物炭对水体硝态氮的吸附特性[J]. 生态与农村环境学报, 2018, 34(3): 253-259. Zhang Wen, Lv Xintian, Han Rui, et al. Effects of two kinds of modified biochar adsorbing nitrate-N in water[J. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 2018, 34(3): 253-259(in Chinese).
[9] AhmadpourA , Do D D . The Preparation of Activated Carbon from Macadamia Nutshell by Chemical Activation[J]. Carbon, 1997, 35(12):1723-1732.
[10] Yang J , Li H , Zhang D , et al. Limited role of biochars in nitrogen fixation through nitrate adsorption[J]. Science of The Total Environment, 2017, 592:758-765.
[11] Chintala R , Mollinedo J , Schumacher T E , et al. Nitrate sorption and desorption in biochars from fast pyrolysis[J]. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2013, 179:250-257.

相似文献/References:

[1].测试[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2019,(06):0.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-02-20修改稿日期:2019-07-17
基金项目:陕西省自然科学基础研究重点项目(2016JZ019)
*通讯作者:王怡,电话:15809285181,E-mail: wangyi1003@sina.com
第一作者简介:陈琳风(1994--),女,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为水体富营养化控制研究,电话:15664671669,E-mail: chen_linf@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-02-06