[1]张 莹,孔强强,吴定萌,等.西安某高校图书馆真菌气溶胶浓度和粒径分布特征[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2020,(02):296-301,308.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2020.02.020]
 ZHANG Ying,KONG Qiangqiang,WU Dingmeng,et al.Characteristics of fungal aerosol concentration and particle size distribution in a university library in Xi’an[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2020,(02):296-301,308.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2020.02.020]
点击复制

西安某高校图书馆真菌气溶胶浓度和粒径分布特征()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
296-301,308
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of fungal aerosol concentration and particle size distribution in a university library in Xi’an
文章编号:
1006-7930(2020)02-0296-07
作者:
张 莹1孔强强2吴定萌2李安桂1高 然1
(1.西安建筑科技大学 建筑设备科学与工程学院,陕西 西安 710055,2.西安建筑科技大学 环境与市政工程学院,陕西 西安)
Author(s):
ZHANG Ying1 KONG Qiangqiang2 WU Dingmeng2 LI Angui1 GAO Ran1
(1.School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech., Xi’an 710055, China; 2.School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech., Xi’an 710055, China)
关键词:
真菌气溶胶 撞击法采样 颗粒物 环境参数 相关性分析
Keywords:
fungal aerosol impact sampling particulate matter environmental parameters correlation analysis
分类号:
TU831
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2020.02.020
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
高校图书馆人员流动频繁,且储藏大量珍贵的图书文献,易形成真菌气溶胶污染.真菌气溶胶污染不仅增加了人体患哮喘和呼吸道疾病的风险,还会加速纸张发霉减少图书的储藏年限.本文以西安某高校图书馆为研究对象,分析了真菌气溶胶的浓度、粒径等分布特征,对典型馆室颗粒物浓度进行对比,并分析了不同环境因素与真菌气溶胶的相关性.结果表明,测试期间图书馆四个典型馆室真菌气溶胶平均浓度为743 CFU/m3,室内颗粒物平均浓度为大小为49.8 μg/m3,并且室内外颗粒物浓度比(I/O)平均为0.93.真菌气溶胶粒径范围主要集中在2.1~3.3 μm和1.1~2.1 μm.真菌气溶胶浓度与颗粒物浓度、相对湿度、人员数量和书籍年代之间存在正相关关系,相关系数分别为0.484、0.240、0.492、0.326,而与温度之间呈负相关性,相关系数为-0.338
Abstract:
University library staff are frequent and a large number of precious books and documents are stored, which is easy to form fungal aerosol pollution. The fungal aerosol pollution not only increases the risk of asthma and respiratory diseases in the human body, but also accelerates the mildew of the paper and reduces the storage period of the book. This paper takes a university library in Xi’an as the research object, analyzes the distribution characteristics of fungal aerosol concentration and particle size, compares the concentration of typical chamber particles, and analyzes the correlation between different environmental factors and fungal aerosols. The results showed that the mean concentration of fungal aerosols in the four typical chambers of the library during the test were 743 CFU/m3, the mean concentration of indoor particulate matter was 49.8 μg/m3, and the mean indoor-to-foreign particulate matter concentration ratio(I/O)was 0.93. The fungal aerosol particle size range is mainly concentrated in 2.1 to 3.3 μm and 1.1 to 2.1 μm. There was a positive correlation between fungal aerosol concentration and particulate matter concentration, relative humidity, number of person and book age. The correlation coefficients were 0.484, 0.240, 0.492 and 0.326, respectively, and there was a negative correlation with temperature. The correlation coefficient was-0.338

参考文献/References:

[1] 李能树, 方月珍, 杜鹃, 等. 馆藏图书中微生物的研究[J]. 微生物学通报, 2000, 27(1): 39-41.
LI Shuneng, FANG Yuezhen, DU Juan, et al. The studying of microbe in paper material in library[J]. Microbiology China, 2000, 27(1): 39-41.
[2] 高新景. 北京某图书馆室内外空气真菌浓度时空变化及快速检测技术的初步研究[D]. 北京: 中国人民解放军军事医学科学院, 2006.
GAO Xinjing. Preliminary research on the dynamics of airborne fungi Concentrations and rapid detection technique in a library of Beijing[D]. Beijing, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, 2006.
[3] 黎佳茜, 韩诗雯, 丁宇宁, 等.某高校图书馆空气微生物污染的调查分析[J]. 图书情报工作, 2014, 58(S1): 115-118.
LI Jiaqian, HAN Shiwen, DING Yuning, et al. Investigation and analysis of air microbial pollution in a university library[J]. Library and Information Service, 2014, 58(S1): 115-118.
[4] 王培霞, 晋日亚, 胡双启, 等. 图书馆生物污染现状研究[J]. 安全与环境工程, 2010, 17(5): 51-53.
WANG Peixia, JIN Riya, HU Shuangqi,et al. Present situation of biological contamination in library[J]. Safety and Environmental Engineering, 2010, 17(5): 51-53.
[5] KRAKOVA L, SOLTYS K, OTLEWSKA A, et al. Comparison of method for identification of microbial communities in book collections: Culture-dependent(sequencing and MALDI-TOF MS)and culture-independent(Illumina MiSeq)[J]. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 2017, 131: 51-59.
[6] 中华人民共和国卫生部.公共场所卫生检验方法第3部分:空气微生物: GB/T 18204.3-2013 [S]. 北京:中国标准出版社,2013.
National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China. Examination methods for public places Part 3:Airborne microorganism: GB/T 18204.3-2013 [S]. Beijing: Standards Press of China, 2013.
[7] 谢伟. 室内颗粒物浓度变化特征及污染控制策略研究[D]. 西安: 西安建筑科技大学, 2013.
XIE Wei. The research on characteristic of indoor particulate matter and control strategies[D]. Xi’an, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, 2013.
[8] 潘立勇, 孙菱, 杨靖, 等. 城市人居环境空气微生物污染评价指标的比较分析与研究[C]//中国环境科学学会. 中国环境科学学会学术年会论文集. 中国, 北京, 2010: 450-455.
PAN Liyong, SUN Ling, YANG Jing, et al. Comparative analysis and research on evaluation indexes of microbiological pollution of urban human ambient air[C]// Chinese Society For Environmental Sciences. Proceedings of the Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences Academic Conference. China, Beijing, 2010: 450-455.
[9] JEON H L, KIM J H, CHO T J, et al. Assessment of airborne bioaerosols in korean apartment houses[J]. Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences, 2010, 2(4): 268-273.
[10]ZIELINSKA-JANKIEWICZ K, KOZAJDA A, PIOTROWSKA M, et al. Microbiological contamination with moulds in work environment in libraries and archive storage facilities[J]. Annals of Agricultural & Environmental Medicine Aaem, 2008, 15(1): 71-78.
[11]KARBOWSKA-BERENT J, GóRNY R L, STRZELCZYK A B, et al. Airborne and dust borne microorganisms in selected Polish libraries and archives [J]. Building and Environment, 2011, 46(10): 1872-1879.
[12]HARLEEYESUS S F, MANAYE A M. Microbiological Quality of Indoor Air in University Libraries [J]. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2014, 4(1): S312-S317.
[13]OH H J, NAM I S, YUN H, et al. Characterization of indoor air quality and efficiency of air purifier in childcare centers, Korea[J]. Building and Environment, 2014, 82: 203-214.
[14] 方治国, 孙平, 欧阳志云, 等. 北京市居家空气微生物粒径及分布特征研究[J]. 环境科学, 2013, 7(7): 2526-2532.
FANG Zhiguo, SUN Ping, OUYANG Zhiyun, et al. Studies on the size distribution of airborne microbes at home in Beijing[J]. Environmental Science, 2013, 7(7): 2526-2532.
[15]张铭健,曹国庆,冯昕.室内微生物污染水平预测关键技术研究综述[J].中国环境科学, 2018, 38(11): 4040-4049.
ZHANG Mingjian, CAO Guoging, FENG Xin. Review of key technologies for forecast of indoor microbial contamination levels[J]. China Environmental Science, 2018, 38(11): 4040-4049.
[16]任启文, 王成, 郄光发, 等. 城市绿地空气颗粒物及其与空气微生物的关系[J]. 城市环境与城市生态, 2006, 19(5): 22-25.
REN Qiwen, WANG Cheng, QIE Guangfa, et al. Airborne Particulates in Urban Greenland and Its Relationship with Airborne Microbes[J]. Urban Environment & Urban Ecology,2006, 19(5): 22-25.
[17]徐蕾. 徐州市环境空气微生物监测分析及与PM10相关性研究[J]. 北方环境, 2013, 29(1):76-78.
XU Lei. The monitoring analysisabout ambient air microorganism and correlation with PM10 of Xuzhou city[J]. Northern Environmental, 2013, 29(1):76-78.
[18]LI ANGUI, LIU ZHIJIAN, LIU YING, et al. Experimental study on microorganism ecological distribution and contamination mechanism in supply air ducts[J]. Energy and Buildings, 2012, 47: 497-505.
[19]LAW A K Y, CHAU C K, CHAN G Y S. Characteristics of bioaerosol profile in office buildings in Hong Kong[J]. Building and Environment, 2001, 36(4): 527-541.
[20]LIU ZHIJIAN, ZHU ZUNQIANG, ZHU YEYUAN, et al. Investigation of dust loading and culturable microorganisms of HVAC systems in 24 office buildings in Beijing[J]. Energy and Buildings, 2015, 103: 166-174.
[21]HOSEINI M, JABBARI H, NADDAFI K, et al. Concentration and distribution characteristics of airborne fungi in indoor and outdoor air of Tehran subway stations[J]. Aerobiologia, 2013, 29(3): 355-363.
[22]贾丽, 巨天珍, 石, 等. 校园大气微生物的时空分布及与人群活动关系的研究[J]. 安全与环境工程, 2006, 13(2): 34-38.
JIA Li, JU Tianzhen, SHI Yao, et al. Distribution and character of the campus microorbes in early summer[J]. Safety and Environmental Engineering, 2006, 13(2): 34-38.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-04-24 修改稿日期:2020-03-25
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助(2017YFC0702800)
第一作者:张 莹(1988-),女,博士后,主要从事建筑室内污染物通风控制.E-mail:zhangying@xauat.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-25