[1]邢永杰,单 明,毛春柳,等.北京市既有农宅规模化节能改造实施方案及效果研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2020,(04):547-554.[doi:10.15986-j.1006-7930.2020.04.012]
 XING Yongjie,SHAN Ming,MAO Chunliu,et al.Study on implementation schemes and their effects on the large-scale energy saving renovations of existing rural buildings in Beijing[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2020,(04):547-554.[doi:10.15986-j.1006-7930.2020.04.012]
点击复制

北京市既有农宅规模化节能改造实施方案及效果研究()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2020年04期
页码:
547-554
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on implementation schemes and their effects on the large-scale energy saving renovations of existing rural buildings in Beijing
文章编号:
1006-7930(2020)04-0547-08
作者:
邢永杰1单 明2毛春柳3荣 杏2丁星利2刘彦青2李鹏超2杨旭东2
(1. 北京市科学技术委员会,北京 100744; 2. 清华大学 建筑技术科学系,北京 100084; 3.中建科技集团有限公司,北京 100195)
Author(s):
XING Yongjie1 SHAN Ming2 MAO Chunliu3 RONG Xing2 DING Xingli2 LIU Yanqing2 LI Pengchao2 YANG Xudong2
(1. Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission, Beijing 100744, China; 2. Department of Building Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 3.China Construction & Technology Group Co., Ltd, Beijing 100195, China)
关键词:
既有农宅 围护结构 节能改造 实施方案
Keywords:
existing rural house building envelope energy-saving renovation implementation scheme
分类号:
TU451
DOI:
10.15986-j.1006-7930.2020.04.012
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过政府座谈、实地调研、现场实测、模拟分析等研究方法,对北京市既有农宅规模化节能改造的实施方案和政策体系等进行了梳理分析和效果评估,得到如下结论:北京市截至到2016年底共完成了71万户的农宅节能改造工作,农宅保温改造的平均节能率约为28.3%,节能改造后平均室温提高了2.6℃; 每年可以节省59万tce,减少约0.24万t的PM2.5排放、170万t的CO2排放、0.09万t的SO2排放和0.15万t的NOx排放; 农户对操作流程、施工质量、节能效果和自筹费用方面达到满意和非常满意的总比例达到80%以上.北京市作为首个把既有农宅节能改造从整市层面进行规模化和系统化推广的地区,在技术方案、管理机制和推广模式等方面摸索出了很多经验,取得了显著的经济、环境和社会效益.
Abstract:
This paper studied the implementation schemes, policy system and effects on the large-scale energy saving renovations of existing rural buildings in Beijing through the government panel discussion, household survey, field measurement, simulation analysis and other research methods. Conclusions are drawn as follows. Until the end of 2016, Beijing has completed a total of 0.71 million rural households of energy-saving renovation, of which the average energy saving rate is about 28.3%, and the average room temperature after the insulation renovation improves 2.6℃. Every year, it can save 0.59 million tons of coal equivalent, and reduce about 2400 tons of PM2.5 emissions, 1.7million tons of CO2 emissions, 900 tons of SO2 emissions and 1500 tons of NOx emissions. The proportions of rural residents who are satisfied or very satisfied with the operation process, construction quality, energy-saving effect and self-raised cost are above 80%. Beijing, as the first city to carry out large-scale and systematic promotion of the energy-saving renovation of existing rural residential buildings, has explored a lot of experience in the aspects of technical scheme, management mechanism and promotion mode, and has achieved remarkable economic, environmental and social benefits.

参考文献/References:

[1] 清华大学建筑节能研究中心编著. 中国建筑节能年度发展研究报告[M]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2012,2016,2020.
THUBERC. Annual research report on the development of building energy efficiency in China[M]. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2012, 2016,2020.
[2] 郑竺凌,李永红,杨旭东. 北京市农村住宅节能研究[J]. 建筑科学,2008(4):9-14.
ZHENG Z L, LI Y H, YANG X D.Study on energy efficiency of rural residential building in Beijing[J]. Building Science, 2008 24(4): 9-14.
[3] 赵岩,叶建东,邢永杰. 北方农村既有居住建筑节能改造[J]. 建设科技,2010(5):43-46.
ZHAO Y, YE J D, XING Y J. Renovations of existing residential buildings in northern ruralareas[J]. Construction Technology, 2010(5): 43-46.
[4] 单明,杨铭,王鹏苏,等. 北方村镇建筑节能村级示范[J]. 建设科技,2011(3):50-52.
SHAN M, YANG M, WANG P S,et al. Village-level demonstration of building energy efficiency in northern rural areas[J]. Construction Technology, 2011(3): 50-52.
[5] 邢永杰,叶建东. 北京市农村节能新居建设与节能改造[J]. 建设科技,2012(9):42-46.
XING Y J, YE J D. Construction and energy-saving renovation of new rural residential buildings in Beijing[J]. Construction Technology,2012(9): 42-46.
[6] 北京日报. 实施乡村振兴战略促进城乡融合发展[ER/OL]. http://k.sina.com.cn/article_1893892941_70e2834d02000jxck.html:2019.9.23.
Beijing Daily. Implement the strategy of rural revitalization to promote integrated urban and rural development[ER/OL]. http://k.sina.com.cn/article_189389 2941_70e2834d02000jxck.html: 2019.9.23.
[7] 章永洁,蒋建云,叶建东等. 京津冀农村生活能源消费分析及燃煤减量与替代对策建议[J]. 中国能源,2014,36(7):39-43.
ZHANG Y J, JIANG J Y, YE J D,et al. Analysis of rural energy consumption in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and suggestions on coal consumption reduction and substitution measures[J]. China Energy, 2014, 36(7): 39-43.
[8] YAN D,XIA J J, TANGW Y, et al. DeST-An Integrated building simulation Toolkit Part I:Fundamentals[J]. Building Simulation, 2008(1):95-110.
[9] 黄莺,王昭俊. 基于DeST对夏热冬冷地区农宅能耗的分析[J]. 建筑技术开发,2016,43(6):85-87.
HUANG Y, WANG Z J. Energy consumption analysis of a rural house in hot summer and coldwinter area based on DeST[J]. Building Technology Development, 2016 43(6):85-87.
[10]王建华,黄跃昊. 甘肃平凉地区农宅能耗及基础室温[J]. 建筑技术,2016,47(7):619-622.
WANG J H, HUANG Y H.DeST simulation study on energy consumption and basic room temperature in rural residential building in Pingliang city of Gansu province[J]. Architecture Technology, 2016, 47(7): 619-622.
[11]明星. 基于DeST-h的北方寒冷地区农宅节能改造设计与研究[J]. 节能,2019(12):10-12.
MING X. Design and study on the rural building energy saving renovation in northern cold region based onDeST-h[J]. Energy Conservation, 2019(12): 10-12.
[12]清华大学建筑节能研究中心.我国完全自主知识产权的建筑性能模拟分析平台DeST顺利通过国际权威标准ASHRAE140认证[ER/OL]. http://www. chinahvac.com.cn/Article/Index/58842019.12.26.
THUBERC. DeST, China’s fully proprietary intellectual property modeling and analysis platform for building performance has successfully passed the ASHRAE 140 certification. http://www.chinahvac.com.cn/Article/Index/58842019.12.26.
[13]DENG M S, LIP C, MA R J, et al. Air pollutant emission factors of solid fuel stoves and estimated emission amounts in rural Beijing[J]. Environment International(Accepted).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-03-04 修改稿日期:2020-07-14
基金项目:国家“十三五”重点研发计划课题(2018YFD1100702); 清华大学山西清洁能源研究院种子基金资金项目
第一作者:邢永杰(1974-),男,博士,高级工程师,研究方向为建筑节能.E-mail:xingyongjie@126.com
通讯作者:单明(1981-),男,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为村镇建筑能源与环境.E-mail:mshan@tsinghua.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-25