[1]李翔宇,李新源,李明宇,等.基于实测数据的地铁隧道长期沉降预测模型研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2021,(02):186-193.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.006]
 LI Xiangyu,LI Xinyuan,LI Mingyu,et al.Research on prediction model of the long-term subsidence of shield tunnels based on in-situ monitoring data[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2021,(02):186-193.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.006]
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基于实测数据的地铁隧道长期沉降预测模型研究()
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西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
186-193
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on prediction model of the long-term subsidence of shield tunnels based on in-situ monitoring data
文章编号:
1006-7930(2021)02-0186-08
作者:
李翔宇12李新源3李明宇4聂俊霞5冯晓波6
(1.建筑安全与环境国家重点实验室,北京 100013; 2.中国建筑科学研究院有限公司 地基基础研究所,北京 100013; 3.徐州工程学院 土木工程学院,江苏 徐州 221018; 4.郑州大学 土木工程学院,河南 郑州450001; 5.中铁十五局集团城市轨道交通工程有限公司,河南 洛阳 471499; 6.新华通讯社机关事务管理局,北京 100803)
Author(s):
LI Xiangyu12 LI Xinyuan3 LI Mingyu4 NIE Junxia5 FENG Xiaobo6
(1.State Key Laboratory of Building Safety and Built Environment,Beijing100013,China;2.Institute of Foundation Engineering,China Academy of Building Research,Beijing100013,China;3.School of Civil Engineering,Xuzhou Institute of Technology,Xuzhou221018,China;4.School of Civil Engineering,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou450001,China;5.Urban Rail Transit Engineering Company Limited of China Railway 15th Bureau,Luoyang471499,China;6.Government Offices Administration,Xinhua News Agency,Beijing100803,China)
关键词:
盾构隧道 长期沉降预测模型 GA-BP神经网络模型 PSO-BP神经网络模型 经验曲线模型
Keywords:
shield tunnel prediction model of the long-term subsidence GA-BP neural network model PSO-BP neural network model empirical curve model
分类号:
U45
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.006
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
基于上海地铁二号线的实测沉降数据,运用遗传算法(GA)和粒子群算法(PSO)对传统BP神经网络进行了优化,以弥补BP神经网络在网络结构、权值和阈值选择上的随机性以及容易局部收敛等缺陷,据此提出了两种新型隧道长期沉降预测模型,即GA-BP神经网络和PSO-BP神经网络模型; 并对比研究了经验曲线、BP神经网络、GA-BP神经网络以及PSO-BP神经网络等模型方法的优缺点及预测效果.研究发现,以上各神经网络模型均取得了较为满意的预测结果,其中PSO-BP神经网络模型的预测精度最佳,且运算速度最快,是文中所提方法中最适用的盾构隧道长期沉降预测模型.
Abstract:
Based on in-situ monitoring data of Shanghai metro line 2, two new subsidence prediction models of tunnels, GA-BP neural network model and PSO-BP neural network model are proposed. These two models optimize the conventional BP neural network model by means of genetic algorithm(GA)and particle swarm optimization(PSO)in order to remedy the defects of BP neural network model,i.e. the randomness of selection on network structure, weight values and threshold values, as well as the inclination to local convergence. A comparative analysis is carried out between empirical curve, BP neural network model, GA-BP neural network model and PSO-BP neural network model, about their strengths, weaknesses and prediction effects. The results show that, PSO-BP neural network model turns to be the best model with optimal accuracy and fast operation speed, which is the most suitable prediction model for the long-term subsidence of shield tunnels, although the above prediction models have achieved appropriate prediction.

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(编辑 桂智刚)

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-07-26 修改稿日期:2021-03-18
基金项目:中国建筑科学研究院有限公司青年科研基金资助项目(20161602331030048); 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51508520); 河南省住房城乡建设科技计划资金资助项目(K-1817、K-1818、K1816、K-1940)
第一作者:李翔宇(1984-),男,博士,高级工程师.主要从事岩土工程及地下结构工程方面的研究.E-mail:leexiangyu@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-28