[1]谭德明,吴晋华.基于GIS技术的城市居住环境客观评价——以广州市荔湾区为例[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2021,(02):229-238.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.012]
 TAN Deming,WU Jinhua.Objective evaluation of urban living environment based on GIS technology——A case study of Guangzhou Liwan district[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2021,(02):229-238.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.012]
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基于GIS技术的城市居住环境客观评价——以广州市荔湾区为例()
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西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
229-238
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Objective evaluation of urban living environment based on GIS technology——A case study of Guangzhou Liwan district
文章编号:
1006-7930(2021)02-0229-10
作者:
谭德明12吴晋华1
(1.南华大学 建筑学院,湖南 衡阳 421001; 2.湖南省健康城市营造工程技术研究中心,湖南 衡阳 421001)
Author(s):
TAN Deming12 WU Jinhua1
(1.School of Architecture, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China; 2.Hunan Healthy City Construction Engineering Technology Research Center, Hengyang 421001,China)
关键词:
居住环境 客观评价 空间叠加分析 POI数据
Keywords:
living environment objective evaluation spatial superposition analysis POI data
分类号:
TU984.12
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.012
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
我国城市建设发展模式已从粗放式建设转向精细化演变,人们更加向往营造美好的居住环境.基于世界卫生组织提出的居住环境的四个基本理念(安全性、健康性、便利性及舒适性),参照近年来我国实施的居住区有关建设标准,选取21项与居住环境相关的指标,构建居住环境评价体系.以广州市荔湾区为例,通过对城市(POI)数据的获取,建立荔湾区步行道路网络、服务设施分布及居住小区等数据库,利用ArcGIS技术进行空间叠加分析,结合田园城市、邻里单位等理论,从技术经济指标和设施的可达性等方面评价荔湾区居住环境质量.对广州市荔湾区的居住环境进行客观性评价,结果表明:荔湾区的城市居住环境具有从中心城区圈层向外圈层逐层递减的分化特征,且与城市建设历史呈正相关.
Abstract:
The mode of urban construction and development in China has changed from extensive construction to refined evolution, and people are more eager to create a better living environment. According to several versions of residential area construction standards implemented in China in recent years, based on the four basic concepts proposed by the World Health Organization to meet the needs of human living: safety, health, convenience and amenity. This study selected 21 single indicators that have an impact on the living environment, and constructs the living environment evaluation index system. The open data were obtained through the Internet, and the database established included the data of Liwan pedestrian road network, service facility distribution and residential area, etc. The spatial overlay analysis of POI data in Liwan district, Guangzhou city was carried out based on GIS technology. According to the theory of garden city and neighborhood units, the living environment of Liwan district was evaluated objectively by referring to a series of standards such as Urban Residential District Planning and design Standards(GB50180-2018). The evaluation results showed that the urban living environment in Liwan district is characterized by a gradual decline from the central urban circle layer to the outer one layer, and is positively correlated with the history of urban construction.

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(编辑 桂智刚)

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-11-09 修改稿日期:2021-03-16
基金项目:湖南省教育厅重点项目(19A437); 湖南省健康城市营造工程技术研究中心项目(2019TP2073)
第一作者:谭德明(1976-),男,博士,副研究员,主要研究城市环境治理、能源经济与管理.E-mail:1499686214@qq.com
通信作者:吴晋华(1994-),男,硕士,助理规划师,主要研究住房与社区建设规划.E-mail:urbanplanwujh@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-28