[1]熊 瑶,严 妍.江南历史街区中小气候因子与热舒适性关联性研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2021,(02):239-246.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.013]
 XIONG Yao,YAN Yan.Research on the correlation between microclimate factors and thermal comfort in jiangnan historic district[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2021,(02):239-246.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.013]
点击复制

江南历史街区中小气候因子与热舒适性关联性研究()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
239-246
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on the correlation between microclimate factors and thermal comfort in jiangnan historic district
文章编号:
1006-7930(2021)02-0239-08
作者:
熊 瑶严 妍
(南京林业大学 艺术设计学院,江苏 南京 210037)
Author(s):
XIONG YaoYAN Yan
(College of Art and Design,Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037,China)
关键词:
热舒适性 小气候 线性回归 历史街区
Keywords:
thermal comfort microclimate linear regression historical block
分类号:
TU986
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.02.013
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
本文主要探究城市户外空间小气候因子(空气温度、相对湿度、平均风速)与人体热舒适性的相关性,厘清与人体热舒适性影响最相关的小气候因子,并分析其影响的主要原因和具体改造策略.选取南京高淳老街作为研究对象,并选择冬夏两季的典型气象日对历史街区小气候因子进行实测研究,并通过软件rayman计算出人体热舒适性指标(生理等效温度),用线性回归的方式分析出生理等效温度与小气候因子的相关性.结果表明空气温度对于小气候的影响具有较大差异性,即关联性最高,相对湿度次之,平均风速最不明显.影响这一结果的主要原因有建筑高度、建筑方位及组合、植被覆盖率、下垫面等,并且针对每个测点的现状提出具体的改造策略,能缓解历史街区小气候状况,也能为景观改造提出新的思路.
Abstract:
(Research objective)This paper mainly explores the correlation between urban outdoor space microclimate factors and human body thermal comfort, clarifies the microclimate factors most related to human body thermal comfort, and analyzes the main causes of its influence and specific transformation strategies.(Method)Gao Chun Old Street in Nanjing was selected as the research object, and the typical weather day in winter and summer was selected to measure the microclimate factors in historical blocks. The thermal comfort index(physiological equivalent temperature)of human body was calculated by software rayman. The correlation between physiological equivalent temperature and microclimate factor was analyzed by linear regression.(Result)The results show that the influence of air temperature on microclimate is the highest, the relative humidity is the second, and the average wind speed is the least obvious.(Conclusion)The main reasons that affect this result are building height, building orientation and combination, vegetation coverage, underlying surface and so on, and put forward specific reconstruction strategies for the present situation of each measuring point, which can not only alleviate the microclimate situation of historical blocks, but also put forward new ideas for landscape reconstruction.

参考文献/References:

[1]BROWN RD, GILLESPIE T J. Microclimate landscape design[M].New York: Wiley,1995
[2]FRIEDRICH Matthias,GR?TZ Angelika,JENDRITZKY Gerd. Futher development of the urban bioclimate model UBIKLIM, taking local wind systems into account[J].Mateorologische Zeitschrift,2001.10(4):267-272
[3]OLIVETI G, ARCURI N, RUFFOLO S. Experiment investigation on the thermal radiation exchange of horizontal outdoor surfaces[J].Building and Environment,2003,38(1):83-89
[4]EMMANUEL M,Rohinton.An urban approach to climate-sensitive design:strategies for tropices,spon press,London and York[J].Building and Environment,2015(10):208.
[5]蔡强新.既有居住区室外环境热舒适性研究[D].杭州:浙江大学,2010.
CAI Q X. Study on thermal comfort of outdoor environment in existing residential areas[D].Hangzhou: Zhejiang University,2010.
[6]薛思寒,冯嘉成,肖毅强.传统岭南庭园微气候实测与分析:以余荫山房为例[J],2015(6):38-43
XUE S H, FENG X C, XIAO Y Q. Experiment and analysis of microclimate in traditional Lingnan Garden:Taking Yu Yinshan house as an example[J],South Architecture, 2015(6):38-43.
[7]赵晓龙,李国杰,高天宇.哈尔滨典型行道树夏季热舒适效应及形态特征调节机理[J].风景园林,2016(6):74-80.
ZHAO X L, LI G J, GAO T Y. Regulation mechanism of thermal comfort effect and morphological characteristics of typical road trees in Harbin in summer[J]. Landscape Architecture,2016(6):74-80.
[8]吴隽宇,梁策.风景园林视野下我国微气候研究概述与进展[J].南方建筑,2019(6):115-123
WU J Y, LIANG C. Overview and progress of microclimate research in China under landscape architecture[J]. South Architecture, 2019(6):115-123.
[9]HOPPE P. Die Energiebilanz des Menschen[D].München: University of München,(1984ed.),2020,44(1):145-153.
[10]SUN S, XU X, LAO Z, et al, Evaluating the impact of urban green space and landscape design parameters on thermal comfort in hot summer by numerical simulation[J].Building and Environment, 2017,123:277-88.
[11] YANG X, ZHAO L, BRUSE M,et al, Evaluation of a microclimate model for predicting the thermal behavior of different ground surfaces[J].Building and Environment, 2013,60:93-104.
[12]代劲松,曹林,汪贵斌.中国气候数据的长期模拟:动态自由尺度模型的构建和验证[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2013,37(6):82-88.
DAI J S, CAO L, WANG G B. Long-term simulation of China’s climate data-establishment and validation of the dynamic free-scale model[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition), 2013,37(6):82-88.
[13]闵俊杰,张金池,张增信,等.近60年来南京市人体舒适度指数变化及其对温度的响应[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2012, 55(1): 53-58.
MIN J J, ZHANG J C, ZHANG Z X, etal. Changes of human comfort index and its response to temperature in Nanjing in recent 60 years, 2012, 55(1): 53-58.
[14]周雯,曹福亮,张瑞,等. 绿地格局对城市地表热环境调节作用的多尺度分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2020, 44(3): 133-141.
ZHOU W, CAO F L, ZHANG R, etal. Multi-scale analysis of the effects of green space pattern on the urban surface thermal environment[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition), 2020, 44(3): 133-141.
(编辑 桂智刚)

相似文献/References:

[1]赵西平,王成林.商业建筑冬季室内热舒适度研究分析[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2013,(02):264.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2013.02.018]
 ZHAO Xi-ping,WANG Cheng-lin.Analysis on thermal comfort in the commercial complex[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2013,(02):264.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2013.02.018]
[2]狄育慧,徐子龙,邓保顺.火车站候车厅不同回风形式的热环境研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2014,(05):742.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2004.05.022]
 DI YuhuiXU ZilongDENG Baoshun.Study on different forms of return air indoor thermal environment in the large space of Xi’an Railway Station[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2014,(02):742.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2004.05.022]
[3]董俊刚,等.基于建成环境主观评价分析研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2011,(05):694.[doi:DOI :10.15986/j .1006-7930.2011.05.015]
 DON GJ un-gang,,et al.Research on the subjective evaluation of a built-up environment-Case study of a postgraduates’ apartment[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2011,(02):694.[doi:DOI :10.15986/j .1006-7930.2011.05.015]
[4]李安桂,刘旺兴,要聪聪,等.竖壁贴附射流加导流板呼吸区送风气流组织CFD及试验研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2016,(05):738.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2016.05.020]
 LI Angui,LIU Wangxing,YAO Congcong,et al.CFD and the experimental study of air distribution in the breathing zone based on air curtain ventilation with deflector[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2016,(02):738.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2016.05.020]
[5]黄超,郑辉,杨振民,等.石蜡复合混凝土太阳能相变蓄能炕系统的热性能研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2018,(01):111.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2018.01.018]
 HUANG Chao,ZHENG Hui,YANG Zhenmin,et al.Study on solar-energy phase change storage kang Composited by paraffin and concrete[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2018,(02):111.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2018.01.018]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-09-26 修改稿日期:2021-03-20
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51408316); 江苏省研究生培养创新工程项目(SJKY19_0908)
第一作者:熊 瑶(1983-),女,副教授,主要研究方向为风景园林规划与设计.E-mail:350589643@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-28