[1]阿布力克木·托合提,朱礼同,王万江.吐鲁番坎儿井公共空间热舒适度模拟研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2021,(05):617-624.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.05.001 ]
 Abulikemu·TUOHETI,ZHU Litong,WANG Wanjiang.Simulation study on thermal comfort of Karez public space in Turpan[J].J. Xi'an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2021,(05):617-624.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.05.001 ]
点击复制

吐鲁番坎儿井公共空间热舒适度模拟研究()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2021年05期
页码:
617-624
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Simulation study on thermal comfort of Karez public space in Turpan
文章编号:
1006-7930(2021)05-0617-08
作者:
阿布力克木·托合提朱礼同王万江
(新疆大学 建筑工程学院,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830047)
Author(s):
Abulikemu·TUOHETI ZHU Litong WANG Wanjiang
(College of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830047,China)
关键词:
坎儿井公共空间 热舒适度 ENVI-met 吐鲁番
Keywords:
Karez public space thermal comfort ENVI-met Turpan
分类号:
TU119+.4
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2021.05.001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
坎儿井公共空间作为传统村落中集景观要素和社会生活为一体的核心空间,其热环境直接影响人们的户外活动质量.为了提高坎儿井公共空间的热舒适度,厘清植物、坎儿井水和地面铺装对坎儿井公共空间热环境的影响程度.以再依丁坎儿孜村为例,运用ENVI-met软件模拟分析坎儿井公共空间的热环境特征,进一步建立无坎儿井水、无水无植被和水泥地面等3种模拟方案.结果表明:坎儿井公共空间的热舒适度优于其他空间,坎儿井水和植物的共同作用下最大可降温2.3℃,PMV值最大相差3个级别,空间舒适度变化与植物分布高度相关.坎儿井水干涸后,坎儿井公共空间的PMV值最大增大0.38; 坎儿井公共空间植物也消失后,PMV值最大增大2.72; 当坎儿井公共空间的地面改为水泥地面时,PMV值最大增大0.37.优化吐鲁番农村公共空间夏季热环境需考虑多因素之间的协同作用,应增加树木遮阳、加以保护坎儿井水源、减少水泥和沥青等硬质地面的使用.本研究可为干热地区公共空间热舒适度的研究和建设提供参考.
Abstract:
As the core space of traditional villages, Karez public space integrates landscape elements and social life, and its thermal environment directly affects the quality of people's outdoor activities. In order to improve the thermal comfort of Karez public space, clarify the influence of plants, Karez water and ground pavement on the thermal environment of Karez public space. Taking kanerzi village as an example, ENVI-met software is used to simulate and analyze the thermal environment characteristics of public space in Karez, and three simulation schemes are further established, such as no Karez water, no vegetation and cement ground. The results show that: the thermal comfort of Karez public space is better than other spaces, the maximum temperature of Karez water and plants can be reduced by 2.3℃, PMV values differ by up to 3 levels, and the change of space comfort is highly related to the distribution of plants. The PMV value of public space in Karez increases by 0.38 after the well water dries up; after the plants in Karez public space disappears, the maximum PMV value increases by 2.72; and when the ground of Karez public space is changed to cement ground, the maximum increase of PMV is 0.37. In order to optimize the thermal environment of rural public space in Turpan in summer, it is necessary to consider the synergy of many factors, such as increasing tree shading, protecting Karez water source, and reducing the use of hard ground such as cement and asphalt. This study can provide a reference for the research and construction of public space thermal comfort in dry and hot areas.

参考文献/References:

[1] 吾普尔·努尔丁·托仑布克,张璐,杨生文.新疆坎儿井[M].乌鲁木齐:新疆人民出版社,2006.
WUPUER N T, ZHANG Lu, YANG Shengwen. Xinjiang Karez[M]. Urumqi: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 2006.
[2]ADEB Q,DILSHAN R.O. Effect of asymmetrical street aspect ratios on microclimates in hot, humid regions[J]. International Journal of Biometeorology, 2015, 59(6): 657-677.
[3]熊瑶,严妍.江南历史街区中小气候因子与热舒适性关联性研究[J]西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2021,53(2):239-246.
XIONG Yao, YAN Yan. Study on the relationship between small and medium climate factors and thermal comfort in Jiangnan historical district[J]. J.of Xi'an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition), 2021,53(2): 239-246
[4]JIN H,.KANG J, LIU S Q. Thermal comfort range and influence factor of urban pedestrian streets in severe regions[J].Energy& Buildings,2019,198:197-206.
[5]金虹,崔鹏,乔梁.严寒地区广场微气候舒适度与参与人数相关性研究[J].建筑科学,2017,33(10):1-7.
JIN Hong, CUI Peng, QIAO Liang. Research on the correlation between microclimate comfort and the number of participants in square in severe cold area[J]. Architectural science, 2017,33(10): 1-7.
[6]MEHMET A I,SEVGI Y,EMRAL M,et al.Analysis of different urban spaces on thermal comfort in cold regions: a case from Erzurum[J].Theoretical Applied Climatology, 2020,141(3/4):1593-1609.
[7]NEDYOMUKTI I S,MASAYUKI I,NYUK H W,et al. Experimental study on the influence of urban water body on thermal environment at outdoor scale model[J].Procedia Engineering, 2016,169(5):191-198.
[8]刘大龙,马岚,刘加平.城市下垫面对夏季微气候影响的测试研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2020,52(1):107-112.
LIU Dalong, MA Lan, LIU Jiaping. Study on the influence of urban underlying surface on summer microclimate[J]. J. of Xi'an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition), 2020,52(1): 107-112.
[9]YAO X,ZHANG J P,XU X Y,et al. Strategies for improving the microclimate and thermal comfort of a classical Chinese garden in the hot-summer and cold-winter zone[J]. Energy & Buildings,2020,215(5).
[10]FAZIA A,HELMUT M. Numerical study on the effects of aspect ratio and orientation of an urban street canyon on outdoor thermal comfort in hot and dry climate[J]. Building and Environment,2005,41(2):94-108.
[11]Susana S,María A C,Erica N C. Design of urban green square in dry areas: Thermal performance and comfort[J]. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 2015,1 4(2):323-335.
[12]ERIK J. Influence of urban geometry on outdoor thermal comfort in a hot dry climate: A study in Fez, Morocco[J]. Building and Environment, 2005,41(10): 1326-1338.
[13]ESNART L, NAMWIINGA B N, NGONGA C. Human thermal comfort and Urban climate of Zambia's economic and political hub: a RayMan model study[J]. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2020, 6(4): 1671-1682.
[14]张凯,赵天良,曹乐,等.街道峡谷对近地层风场影响的观测和模拟分析[J].环境科学学报,2019,39(12):4187-4195.
ZHANG Kai, ZHAO Tianliang, CAO Le, et al. Observation and simulation analysis of the influence of street canyons on near surface wind field[J]. Journal of Environmental Science, 2019,39(12): 4187-4195.
[15]陈淦,卓志雄,张华荣,等.基于CFD模拟的不同下垫面对城市热环境的影响[J].山东农业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,50(6):1021-1026.
CHEN Gan, ZHAO Zhuoxiong, ZHAMG Huarong, et al. Effects of different underlying surfaces on urban thermal environment based on CFD simulation[J]. Journal of Shandong Agricultural University(Natural Science Edition), 2019,50(6): 1021-1026.
[16]LIU Z X,CHENG W W,Jim C Y,et al.Heat mitigation benefits of urban green and blue infrastructures: A systematic review of modeling techniques, validation and scenario simulation in ENVI-met V4[J]. Building and Environment,2021(pre-publish).
[17]CORT J W, KENJI M. Advantages of the mean absolute error(MAE)over the root mean square error(RMSE)in assessing average model performance[J]. Climate Research,2005,30(1):79-82.
[18]CORT J W. Some comments on the evaluation of model performance[J]. Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society,1982,63(11):1309-1313.
[19]耿红凯,卫笑,张明娟,等.基于Envi-met植被与建筑对微气候影响的研究——以南京农业大学为例[J].北京林业大学学报,2020,42(12):115-124.
GENG Hongkai, WEI Xiao, ZHANG Mingjuan, et al. Study on the influence of vegetation and architecture on microclimate based on ENVI-met: a case study of Nanjing Agricultural University[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2020,42(12): 115-124.
[20]YOSHIHITO K, EMI K, KENTA F. Effects of outdoor thermal environment upon the human responses[J]. Engineering,2019,11(8):475-503.
[21]劳钊明,李颖敏,邓雪娇,等.基于ENVI-met的中山市街区室外热环境数值模拟[J].中国环境科学,2017,37(9):3523-3531.
LAO Zhaoming, LI Yingmin, DENG Xuejiao, et al. Numerical simulation of outdoor thermal environment of Zhongshan block based on ENVI-met[J]. China Environmental Science, 2017,37(9): 3523-3531.
[22]YANG L,FU R,HE W F,et al. Adaptive thermal comfort and climate responsive building design strategies in dry-hot and dry-cold areas: Case study in Turpan, China[J]. Energy & Buildings,2020,209.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-07-10修改稿日期:2021-09-28
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51768066); 国家自然科学基金资助项目(52068065)
第一作者:阿布力克木·托合提(1961-),男,副教授,学士,主要从事人居环境研究方面的工作.E-mail:ablikim61@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-10-25