[1]王 侠,杨 净,刘晋名.陕西省健康城市评价与规划思考[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2022,(01):85-94.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2022.01.011 ]
 WANG Xia,YANG Jing,LIU Jinming.Reflection on evaluation and planning of healthy city in Shaanxi Province[J].J. Xi'an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2022,(01):85-94.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2022.01.011 ]
点击复制

陕西省健康城市评价与规划思考()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-7930/CN:61-1295/TU]

卷:
期数:
2022年01期
页码:
85-94
栏目:
出版日期:
2022-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Reflection on evaluation and planning of healthy city in Shaanxi Province
文章编号:
1006-7930(2022)01-0085-10
作者:
王 侠12杨 净2刘晋名2
(1.西安建筑科技大学 西部绿色建筑国家重点实验室,陕西 西安 710055; 2.西安建筑科技大学 建筑学院,陕西 西安 710055)
Author(s):
WANG Xia12 YANG Jing2 LIU Jinming2
(1.State Key Laboratory of Green Building in Western China, Xi'an Univ. of Arch. & Tech., Xi'an 710055, China; 2.School of Architecture, Xi'an Univ. of Arch. & Tech., Xi'an 710055, China)
关键词:
陕西省 健康城市评价 熵权法 莫兰指数
Keywords:
Shaanxi Province urban health evaluation entropy weight method Moran's I
分类号:
TU 984
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2022.01.011
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
新冠疫情的全球蔓延引起了全社会对城市健康问题的高度重视,开展健康城市评价对提升城市健康水平、防范突发性城市问题、改善人居环境具有现实意义.运用熵权法和莫兰指数对陕西省10个地级市进行健康城市评价,研究发现:①城市发展条件的差异性影响城市健康水平,指标因子在不同城市的作用效力不同; ②城市经济与交通联系强度影响区域健康发展水平; ③医疗设施与公共交通是应对突发性公共卫生事件的重要支撑系统.国土空间规划中,基于健康城市评价开展规划建设具有科学的指导意义.
Abstract:
The global spread of COVID-19 epidemic has aroused great attention of the whole society to urban health problems, so it is of practical significance to carry out health city evaluation for improving urban health level, preventing sudden urban problems and improving living environment. In this study, the entropy weight method and Moran index are used to evaluate the healthy cities of 10 prefecture-level cities in Shaanxi Province and the results show that: ①Differences in urban development conditions affect the health level of cities, and index factors have different effects in different cities; ②The strength of urban economy and traffic connection affects the level of regional healthy development; ③Medical facilities and public transportation are important supporting systems to deal with sudden public health incidents. In spatial planning, planning and construction based on healthy city evaluation has scientific guiding significance.

参考文献/References:

[1] WHO. Healthy cities and the city planning process: a background document on links between health and urban planning[Z]. World Health Organization, 1999: 2-16.
[2]WHO. City planning for health and sustainable development[M], Copenhage: WHO Regional office for Europe, 1997.
[3]BARTON H, GRANT M. Urban Planning for Healthy Cities: A Review of the Progress of the European Healthy Cities Programme[J]. Journal of Urban Health-bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 2013,90(S1): 129-141.
[4]王鸿春, 盛继洪, 解树江,等. 中国健康城市建设研究报告(2016)[M].北京:社会科学文献出版社,2016.
[5]中国政府网. 习近平:决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利—在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告[EB/OL].(2017-10-27)/[2018-1-8]. http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2017-10/27/content_5234876.htm.
Chinese Government Website. Xi Jinping: Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in all Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era—Delivered at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China[EB/OL].(2017-10-27)/[2018-1-8]. http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2017-10/27/content5234876.htm.
[6]NORTHRIDGE M E, BISWAS S P. Sorting out the connections between the built environment and health: A conceptual framework for navigating pathways and planning healthy cities[J]. Journal of Urban Health, 2003, 80(4): 556-568.
[7]刘冠秋,马静,柴彦威,等. 居民日常出行特征与空气污染暴露对出行满意度的影响: 以北京市美和园社区为例[J]. 城市发展研究, 2019,26(9): 35-42,124.
LIU Guanqiu, MA Jing, CHAI Yanwei, et al. The impact of residents' daily travel characteristics and air pollution exposure on travel satisfaction: A case study of Beijing[J]. Urban Development Studies, 2019,26(9): 35-42,124.
[8]周向红. 欧洲健康城市项目的发展脉络与基本规则论略[J]. 国际城市规划, 2007(4): 65-70.
ZHOU Xianghong. Experience and practices around europe: briefly on the development threads of healthy city project and its basic rules[J]. Urban Planning International, 2007(4): 65-70.
[9]王兰,廖舒文,赵晓菁. 健康城市规划路径与要素辨析[J]. 国际城市规划, 2016,31(4): 4-9..
WANG Lan, LIAO Shuwen, ZHAO Xiaojing. Exploration of approaches and factors of healthy city planning[J]. Urban Planning International, 2016,31(4): 4-9..
[10]黎洋佟,黄建伟,李保璇. 健康城市理念下社区建成空间环境研究与治理: 由某农贸市场突发公共卫生事件引发的规划思考[J]. 规划师,2020,36(6): 107-111.
LI Yangtong, HUANG Jianwei, LI Baoxuan. Built community environment governance with healthy city concept: planning thinking of public health event in a vegetable market[J]. Planners, 2020,36(6): 107-111.
[11]Regional Office for Europe of World Health Organization. Twenty steps for developing a health cities project[R]. 3rd ed. Copenhagen: Regional Office for Europe of World Health Organization, 1997.
[12]SALLIS JF, BULL F, BURDETT R, et al. Use of science to guide city planning policy and practice: how to achieve healthy and sustainable future cities[J]. The Lancet, 2016,388: 2936-2947.
[13]王兰,凯瑟琳·罗斯,李春霖. 健康城市规划与评估:兴起与趋势[J]. 国际城市规划, 2016,31(4): 1-3.
WANG Lan, CATHERINE Ross, LI Chunlin. Healthy city planning and assessment: Initiation and trend[J]. Urban Planning International, 2016,31(4): 1-3.
[14]全国健康城市评价指标体系[EB/OL]. http://www.gov.cn/fuwu/2018-04/10/5281213/files/32266bca57184bf3a18ccd51e7fe2e4e.pdf
National Health City Evaluation Index System[EB/OL]. http://www.gov.cn/fuwu/2018-04/10/5281213/files/32266bca57184bf3a18ccd51e7fe2e4e.pdf
[15]谢剑峰. 苏州市健康城市指标体系研究[D]. 苏州:苏州大学, 2005.
XIE Jianfeng. The study on indicator system of healthy city in Suzhou[D]. Suzhou: Soochow University, 2005.
[16]丁慧,陶诚. 青岛市“健康城市”评价指标体系探讨[J]. 中国卫生质量管理, 2016,23(6): 93-96.
DING Hui, TAO Cheng. Evaluation index system of “healthy city” in Qingdao[J]. Chinese Health Quality Management, 2016,23(6): 93-96.
[17]刘继恒,徐勇. 健康城市建设评价方法研究与实践[J]. 公共卫生与预防医学, 2018,29(3): 9-12.
LIU Jiheng, XU Yong. Study and practice on the evaluation method for healthy city construction[J]. Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, 2018,29(3): 9-12.
[18]龙如银,方文倩. 健康城市评价体系设计及实证研究[J]. 生态经济, 2019,35(6): 84-90.
LONG Ruyin, FANG Wenqian. Evaluation system design and empirical research of healthy cities[J]. Ecological Economy, 2019,35(6): 84-90.
[19]王兰,蒋希冀,叶丹. 中国健康城市规划研究热点与进展:基于Citespace的文献计量分析[J]. 城市发展研究, 2020,27(11): 8-14,56.
WANG Lan, JIANG Xiji, YE Dan. Research hotspots and progress on healthy city planning in China: A bibliometric analysis based on citespace[J]. Urban Development Studies, 2020,27(11): 8-14,56.
[20]谭少华,何琪潇,杨春. 健康城市的主动式规划干预技术:尺度转换的视角[J]. 科技导报, 2020,38(7): 34-42.
TAN Shaohua, HE Qixiao, YANG Chun. Active planning intervention techniques for healthy cities:A scale conversion effect[J]. Science & Technology Review, 2020,38(7): 34-42.
[21]杨保军. 突发公共卫生事件引发的规划思考: 应对2020新型冠状病毒肺炎突发事件笔谈会[J/OL]. 城市规划: 1[2021-03-26]. http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/11.2378.TU.20200212.1135.002.html.
YANG Baojun. Thoughts on planning in response to public health event: response to novel coronavirus pneumonia emergency sketches and notes[J/OL]. City Planning Review: 1[2021-03-26]. http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/11.2378.TU. 20200212.1135. 002.html.
[22]谭德明,吴晋华. 基于GIS技术的城市居住环境客观评价: 以广州市荔湾区为例[J]. 西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版), 2021,53(2): 229-238.
TAN Deming, WU Jinhua. Objective evaluation of urban living environment based on GIS technology: A case study of Guangzhou Liwan District[J]. J. Xi'an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition)2021,53(02): 229-238.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-03-24修改稿日期:2022-01-09
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0704604); 西部绿色建筑国家重点实验室自主研究课题(LSZZ202112); 2020年度西安建筑科技大学新型城镇化专项研究基金新冠肺炎应急研究专题(XGYJ202002)
第一作者:王 侠(1977—),女,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为个体行为与城市空间研究、城市教育设施布局、城市设计等.E-mail:350021859@qq.com 通信作者:杨 净(1994—),女,硕士生,主要从事城区小学住教环境研究、城市设计研究.E-mail: 2108497237@qq.com

更新日期/Last Update: 2022-02-20