[1]李慧敏,杨豪中,张鸽娟.西安市公共灾害特征及防灾减灾体系构建策略研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2017,(04):516-522.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2017.04.009]
 LI HuiminYANG HaozhongZHANG Gejuan.Research on the characteristics of public disaster in Xian City and the strategy of disaster prevention and mitigation system[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2017,(04):516-522.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2017.04.009]
点击复制

西安市公共灾害特征及防灾减灾体系构建策略研究()
分享到:

西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2017年04期
页码:
516-522
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-09-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on the characteristics of public disaster in Xian City and the strategy of disaster prevention and mitigation system
文章编号:
1006-7930(2017)04-0516-07
作者:
李慧敏12杨豪中12张鸽娟1
(1.西安建筑科技大学 艺术学院,陕西 西安 710055;2 .西安建筑科技大学 建筑学院,陕西 西安 710055)
Author(s):
LI Huimin12YANG Haozhong12ZHANG Gejuan1
(1.School of Art, Xian Univ. of Arch . & Tech ., Xian 710055,China; 2.School of Architecture,Xian Univ . of Arch . & Tech ., Xian 710055,China)
关键词:
西安市公共灾害防灾减灾体系平灾结合
Keywords:
Xian Citypublic disaster disaster prevention and mitigation system combination of disaster
分类号:
TU984
DOI:
10.15986/j.1006-7930.2017.04.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过研究西安市公共灾害类型特征及其发展趋势,分析了西安市现有防灾减灾空间环境所面临的灾害发生频率上升,连锁效应突显,承灾空间复杂,致灾隐患多,灾害范畴扩大,突发性和高损性强等困难和问题.提出由区域级、片区及廊道和社区级防灾空间体系构成的西安市三级综合防灾减灾空间层级.在研究西安市防灾减灾空间环境现状问题的基础上进一步提出通过灾害风险评估体系构建,统筹综合防灾体系构建,平灾结合、立体防灾体系构建,加强防灾减灾社会管理及各级各类保障体系建设等方法和措施,形成自上而下、立体综合的西安市整体防灾减灾体系的构建策略
Abstract:
Based on the characteristics and development trend of public disaster types in Xi′an City, the paper analyzes the existing disaster prevention and mitigation of space environment facing such problems as the disaster frequency rises, the chain effect which highlights the disaster space complex, disaster hazard, disaster areas expansion, sudden and high loss . This paper puts forward the spatial hierarchy of three levels of disaster prevention and mitigation in Xi′an City, which is composed of regional level, area and corridor and community level disaster prevention space system . Based on the study of Xi′an city disaster prevention and mitigation of space environment problems and through the construction of disaster risk assessment system, construction of integrated disaster prevention system, construction of integrated design, and three -dimensional disaster prevention system, the strategy aims to strengthen disaster prevention and mitigation and management at all levels of social security system construction methods and measures, so as to form the overall construction strategy of disaster prevention and mitigation system from top to bottom, for the city of Xi′an

参考文献/References:

References

[1]金磊.“十三五”规划的城市防灾减灾综合对策-以京津冀一体化为例[J].上海城市管理,2015(5):11.

JIN Lei. Prevention and reduction of disasters under the 13th five -year plan[J].Shanghai Urban Management, 2015(5):11.

[2]西安市人防办.西安市突发公共事件总体应急预案[Z].西安:西安市人防办,2007.

Xi′an People′s Air Defense Office.Xi′an public emergency emergency response plan [Z].Xi′an:Xi′an People′s Air Defense Office, 2007 .

[3]王峤.高密度环境下城市中心区防灾规划研究[D].天津:天津大学,2013:102.

WANG Qiao.Disaster prevention planning study for the high -density area of city center[D].Tianjin: Tianjin University,2013:102.

[4]吕元.城市防灾空间系统规划策略研究[D].北京:北京工业大学,2005:58.

L  Yuan.Study on the planning strategy of urban disaster -prevention space system[D].Beijing: Beijing University of Technology, 2005:58.

[5]施小斌.城市防灾空间效能分析及优化选址研究[D].西安:西安建筑科技大学,2006:17.

SHI Xiaobin.Evaluate the efficacy and optimize addressing option on urban disaster -prevention Space[D].Xi′an: Xi′an Univ. of Arch . & Tech .,2006:17.

[6]胡斌,吕元.社区防灾空间体系设计标准的构建方法研究[J].建筑学报,2008(7):13-14.

HU Bin,L Yuan. Study on the design method of community disaster prevention space system design standard [J].Architectural Journal,2008(7):13-14.

[7]聂蕊.基于可持续减灾的御灾性城市空间体系构建和设计策略研究[D].天津:天津大学,2012:88.

NIE Rui.Research on construction and design strategies of resilient urban spatial system based on sustainable mitigation [D]. Tianjin: Tianjin University,2012 :88.

[8]颜峻,左哲.自然灾害风险评估指标体系及方法研究[J].中国安全科学学报,2010(11):63-64.

YAN Jun, ZUO Zhe. Research on natural disaster risk assessment index system and method [J].China Safety Science Journal, 2010(11):63-64.

[9]魏博,刘敏.城市应急避难场所规划布局初探[J].西北大学学报(自然科学版),2010(6):1069-1074.

WEI Bo, LIU Min . The initial exploration of urban emergency shelters layout [J].Journal of Northwest University(Natural Science Edition),2010(6):1069-1074.

[10]沈悦,齐藤庸平(日).日本公共绿地防灾的启示[J].中国园林,2007(7):7.

SHEN Yue,YOHEI Sait. Inspirations from the disaster prevention with public green space in japan[J].Chinese Landscape Architecture,2007(7):7.

[11]张倩,李志民,冯青.城市历史文化街区密集居住现状中的防灾避害策略研究:以西安碑林历史街区传统民居院落生存现状研究为例[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2009(4):537-543.

相似文献/References:

[1]刘晓君,闫俐臻,白 妤.基于模糊数学模型的居民生活用水资源水价的定价方法研究——以西安市为例[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2014,(03):318.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2014.03.003]
 LIU Xiaojun,YAN Lizhen,BAI Yu.Evaluation based on fuzzy mathematical model for water resource price of Xi’an[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2014,(04):318.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2014.03.003]
[2]冯晓刚,撒利伟,石 辉.基于多元目标的主成分分析的热岛效应成因研究——以西安市为例[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2012,(04):507.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2012.04.010]
 FENG Xiao-gang,SA Li-wei,SHI Hui.Study on the urban heat island effect based on the PCA of multi-purpose[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2012,(04):507.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2012.04.010]
[3]王秋平,杨 茜,孙 皓.基于空间句法的西安市历史街区交通改善研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2015,(04):487.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2015.04.005]
 WANG Qiuping,YANG Xi,Sun Hao.Study on improving traffic conditions for the historic district of Xi’an based on space syntax[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2015,(04):487.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2015.04.005]
[4]冯晓刚,撒利伟,李凤霞,等.基于CA-Markov模型的西安市热环境模拟研究[J].西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2016,(05):731.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2016.05.019]
 FENG Xiaogang,S A Liwei,LI Fengxia,et al.The simulation on Xians u rban heat environment based on CA-Markov model[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2016,(04):731.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2016.05.019]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-12-30修改稿日期:2017-07-15
基金项目:陕西省创新能力支撑计划(2017KRM176);陕西省教育厅专项科研计划(16JK1420);西安建筑科技大学校青年基金(QN1644);陕西省社会科学基金(2015J016)
第一作者:李慧敏(1982-),女,博士生,讲师,主要研究方向为城市环境设计.E-mail: 85866517@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-11