YU Yang,ZONG Yu.Study on the layout of indemnificatory Housing in Xi′an under the living demand space of low-income people[J].J. Xi’an Univ. of Arch. & Tech.(Natural Science Edition),2023,55(06):858-870.[doi:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2023.06.009]





Study on the layout of indemnificatory Housing in Xi′an under the living demand space of low-income people
(1.西安建筑科技大学 建筑学院,陕西 西安 710055;2.绿色建筑国家重点实验室(XAUAT),陕西 西安 710055)
YU Yang12 ZONG Yu1
(1.School of Architecture, Xi′an Univ. of Arch. & Tech., Xi′an 710055, China; 2.State Key Laboratory of Green Building, Xi′an Univ. of Arch. & Tech., Xi′an 710055, China)
low-income people affordable housing living demand space spatial layout Xi′an central district
"During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, China will still be in the development stage of new urbanization focusing on human beings, and the expansion and improvement of the housing security system requires not only the strategic design of the state and the government at the top level, but also the actual needs of the people at the bottom level of the security system. Especially in large cities with increasing net population inflow of new citizens and young people, how to ensure stable housing for lowincome urban residents is a key issue in urban planning practice. This paper defines “living demand space” from the perspective of lowincome people′s participation in daily life, takes lowincome people as the research object, and takes Xi′an as a case study city, through identifying lowincome people′s living demand space, analysing the distribution of lowincome people′s living demand space, working demand space and service demand space in the central urban area, and analyzing the distribution pattern of “living demand space” and “service demand space”. By identifying the living demand space of lowincome people, analysing the distribution of living demand space, working demand space and service demand space of lowincome people within the central urban area, quantitatively analysing the spatial superposition and matching of “living placeworking place”, and supplementing with the spatial distribution of the service place to determine the reasonable spatial layout level of the safeguarded housing, it finally arrives at the reasonable spatial area suitable for safeguarded housing at all levels of the central urban area of Xian.



 WANG Lina. Development and rethinking of housing security policy in China[J]. Modern Urban Research, 2009,24(12):7-11.
[2]GUO Di,LI Jin,WANG Zheng.Research on spatial distribution characteristics of indemnificatory housing in Nanjing and aptimizing strategies[J].Modern Urban Research,2011,26(3):83-88.
[3]CUTLER D M, GLAESER E L. Are ghettos good or bad?[J]. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1997, 112(3):827-872.
[4]STOCKMAN P K. NOTE: Antisnob zoning in Massachusetts: Assessing one attemptat opening the suburbs to affordable housing[J]. Virginia Law Review. 1992, 78(2):535-580.
[5]ZINAS B Z, JUSAN M B M. Housing choice and preference: Theory and measurement[J]. Procedia-Socialand Behavioral Sciences, 2012,49: 282-292.
[6]SAGHAPOUR T, MORIDPOUR S, THOMPSON R G. Public transport accessibility in metropolitan areas: A new approach incorporating population density[J]. Journal of Transport Geography, 2016, 54:273-285.
[7]NEUTENS T. Accessibility, equity and health care: Review and research directions for transport geographers[J]. Journal of Transport Geography, 2015,43:14-27.
[8]孙莹. 法国社会住房的政策演变和建设发展[J].国际城市规划, 2016,31(6):81-88.
 SUN Ying. Evolution of social housing policies and construction development in France[J]. Urban Planning International, 2016,31(6):81-88.
[9]杨昌鸣,张祥智,李湘桔.从“希望六号”到“选择性邻里”——美国近期公共住房更新政策的演变及其启示[J]. 国际城市规划, 2015,30(6):41-49.
 YANG Changming, ZHANG Xiangzhi, LI Xiangju. From “hope VI” to “choice neighborhoods”: The recent evolution of public housing renewal policy in the United States and its inspirations[J].Urban Planning International, 2015,30(6): 41-49.
[10]让·克劳德·德里昂,马璇,姚鑫. 欧洲与法国社会住房政策的主要问题[J].国际城市规划, 2009,24(4):22-27.
 JEAN Claude Driant, MA Xuan, YAO Xin. The main issues of social housing policies in Europe and in France[J]. Urban Planning International, 2009, 24(4):22-27.
[11]王翔,范悦.重构居民社会联系新加坡组屋户外空间发展与邻里更新计划的实践[J].时代建筑, 2020(1):50-53.
 WANG Xiang, FAN Yue. Reconstructing social connections evolvement of singapore HDB outdoor space and practice of neighborhood renewal program[J]. Time Architecture, 2020(1): 50-53.
[12]华梦圆,王雪芹.基于经济学分析的保障性住房开发模式研究[J].建筑经济, 2011(S1):176-178.
 HUA Mengyuan, WANG Xueqin. Research on the development model of indemnificatory housing based on economic analysis[J]. Construction Economics, 2011(S1):176-178.
[13]ARTHURSON K. Urban regeneration,Scale and balancing social Mix[M].Melbourne: Brotherhood of St Laurence,2008.
 LIU Zhilin, HAN Yafei. Expanding affordable housing through planning: What can we learn from America and England?[J]. Urban Planning International, 2010,25(3): 90-96.
[15]FRASER J C, BURNS A B, BAZUIN J T, et al. Hope VI, colonization, and the production of difference[J]. Urban Affairs Review,2013,49(4):525-556.
[16]The Urban Institute. Developing choice neighborhoods: An early look at implementation in five sites[R]. Washington DC: The Urban Institute, 2013.
 LI Linlin, LI Jiang. A retrospective on transformations of community structure modes in Singapore and its enlightenment to China[J]. Urban Planning International, 2008(2):109-112.
 ZHANG Zhengtao, ZHOU Yuhang, ZHANG Yuan. Spatial evolution of guaranteed housing abroad and its inspiration[J]. Architectural Journal, 2012(8):109-113.
 LIU Chenyu, LUO Meng. The development of housing and development board(HDB) construction in singapore and its enlightenment[J]. Modern Urban Research, 2013(10):54-59.
[20]ANNA Granath Hansson. Boosting affordable housing supply: Could type approval of serially produced housing be a piece in the puzzle?[J].Zeitschrift für Immobilien-konomie,2017,3(1):49-68.
[21]郑思齐,张英杰,张索迪,等.兼顾社会效益与土地机会成本的保障房选址评价方法--基于高低收入群体居住选址偏好差异的量化分析[J]. 管理评论,2016,28(7):3-11.
ZHENG Siqi, ZHANG Yingjie, ZHANG Suodi, et al. The evaluation method of affordable housing site selection based on the trade-off between social benefit and the opportunity cost of land: A quantitative analysis based on the differences in preferences of residential location choice between high-income and low-income residents[J]. Management Review, 2016,28(7):3-11.
 SUN Shiwen. Where affordable housing should be built[J]. Outlook, 2007(52):60.
[23]刘爱华,邹哲.特大城市保障性住房空间布局与优化研究--以天津市为例[J].天津行政学院学报, 2016,18(4):89-95.
 LIU Aihua, ZOU Zhe. Study on the spatial distribution and optimisation of guaranteed housing in mega cities: Taking Tianjin as an example[J]. Journal of Tianjin Administration Institute, 2016,18(4):89-95.
 MENG Qian, WANG Peng, DENG Haiping. Study on the spatial layout and supply mode of security housing in Shenzhen in the era of inventory[C]//2017 China Urban Planning Annual Conference, Dongguan:China Architecture & Building Press,2017
[25]杨靖,张嵩,汪冬宁.保障性住房的选址策略研究[J].城市规划, 2009(12):53-58.
 YANG Jing, ZHANG Song, WANG Dongning. Site selection strategies of middle and low income housing[J]. Urban planning, 2009(12):53-58.
 CHENG Zhuo, XIAO Yong. The site selection research of China’s indemnificatory housing[J]. Planners, 2015, 31(S1):254-259.
 LIU Jianshi. Research on the space location of large-scale affordable housing community[J]. Modern Urban Research, 2016(12):98-104,132.
 DING Xu. Constructability evaluation and location selection of social housing: A case study on Hangzhou[J]. Urban Planning, 2012, 36(9):70-76.
 LING Li. From “spatial mismatch” toward “spatial adaptation”: Analysis on influencing factors of affordable housing site selection in Shanghai[J]. Shanghai Urban Planning Review, 2011(3):58-61.


第一作者:于洋(1970—),女,博士,教授,主要从事低碳城市方向的研究.E-mail: 694969303@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2024-02-01